Science, Nature & Maths Astronomy & Space Science Books

Hubble 25: A Quarter-Century of Discovery with the Hubble Space Telescope

Now 25 years into its trailblazing mission, Hubble’s greatest accomplishments to date include helping to uncover black holes in the centers of galaxies, observing changes on planets in our solar system, investigating the atmospheres of planets around stars other than the Sun, seeing disks that are possibly forming new solar systems, and hunting down nascent galaxies in the very early universe. Astronomers have also used Hubble to follow up on the work done almost a century ago by the telescope’s namesake, the astronomer Edwin Hubble, whose observations of galaxies revealed that the universe was expanding. Observing with the Hubble telescope, astronomers have refined their calculation for the universe’s expansion rate and discovered the existence of a force called dark energy, which is causing the universe to expand faster and faster as time goes on.The Hubble Space Telescope is an instrument of science — one of the most productive in history. Thousands of astronomers from around the world have used Hubble to explore nearly every facet of the universe, publishing more than 11,000 scientific papers in the process. Still, the magnificent images Hubble takes have proven time and again their power to capture the hearts and minds of scientists and non-scientists alike. The majestic scenes fire the imagination and inspire awe for the astonishing vastness of the cosmos and all the wonders it contains.To celebrate Hubble’s 25th anniversary, this book presents 25 of the most remarkable images Hubble has acquired so far. They are ordered according to distance from Earth, highlighting Hubble’s great range, from observing planets in our own solar system to the stars and galaxies born when the universe was still young.Each chapter in this book introduces one of Hubble’s images and points out some of the features that Hubble’s exceptional vision reveals. It also describes a sample of the related scientific research or discoveries achieved with Hubble. 99 pages. Over one hundred spectacular color photos, diagrams and charts. This is a Print Replica that maintains the formatting and layout of the original edition and offers many of the advantages of standard Kindle books.

One Hundred Years Of General Relativity: From Genesis And Empirical Foundations To Gravitational Waves, Cosmology And Quantum Gravity - Volume 2: From ... and Quantum Gravity Volume 2) (Volume 2)

The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory: The first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

Particle Physics Reference Library: Volume 2: Detectors for Particles and Radiation

This second open access volume of the handbook series deals with detectors, large experimental facilities and data handling, both for accelerator and non-accelerator based experiments. It also covers applications in medicine and life sciences. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access.

Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics: Exploring Data from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced (IEA Research for Education Book 9)

This open access report explores the nature and extent of students’ misconceptions and misunderstandings related to core concepts in physics and mathematics and physics across grades four, eight and 12. Twenty years of data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments are analyzed, specifically for five countries (Italy, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) who participated in all or almost all TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced assessments between 1995 and 2015.The report focuses on students’ understandings related to gravitational force in physics and linear equations in mathematics. It identifies some specific misconceptions, errors, and misunderstandings demonstrated by the TIMSS Advanced grade 12 students for these core concepts, and shows how these can be traced back to poor foundational development of these concepts in earlier grades. Patterns in misconceptions and misunderstandings are reported by grade, country, and gender. In addition, specific misconceptions and misunderstandings are tracked over time, using trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles. The study and associated methodology may enable education systems to help identify specific needs in the curriculum,  improve inform instruction across grades and also raise possibilities for future TIMSS assessment design and reporting that may provide more diagnostic outcomes.

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society: An Overview

In 2010, NASA and the National Science Foundation asked the National Research Council to assemble a committee of experts to develop an integrated national strategy that would guide agency investments in solar and space physics for the years 2013-2022. That strategy, the result of nearly 2 years of effort by the survey committee, which worked with more than 100 scientists and engineers on eight supporting study panels, is presented in the 2013 publication, Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society. This booklet, designed to be accessible to a broader audience of policymakers and the interested public, summarizes the content of that report.

Particle Physics Reference Library: Volume 3: Accelerators and Colliders

This third open access volume of the handbook series deals with accelerator physics, design, technology and operations, as well as with beam optics, dynamics and diagnostics.A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access