Science, Nature & Maths Books

Overthinking: How to Stop Worrying, Overcome Anxiety and Eliminate all Negative Thinking

How to Stop Worrying and Eliminate the Negative Thinking in less of one monthOverthinking is more than just a nuisance--studies show thinking too much can take a serious toll on your well-being.Here are the three dangers of being an overthinker:It increases your chances of mental illness.It interferes with problem-solving.It disturbs your sleep.A 2013 study published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology reports dwelling on your shortcomings, mistakes, and problems increases your risk of mental health problems.(inc.com)Here's what you get with this book:A Guide to Improve your Relationship (Step-by-Step)Clean your brain whit Special Process easy-to-readFast method to Decluttering Negative Thoughts (Made Easy)The best Effective Strategies for Improving RelationshipA list of benefits about Meditation and Mindfulness The Simple Guide to improve your Sleep (Very Important for your mental benefits)How to Creating a Passion to improve your Goals12 Reasons Why Overthinking Kills Your HappinessAnd so much more!It's easy to fall into a trap about overthinking negative thinking (about our future, anxiety, our work, our relationship ecc...) when we're in more stress and when we aren't carefree. But the truth is, that the Overthinking is a status of mind but  we can overcomes now! Use this book as to overcome anxiety following many easy Guides Step-by-step and more informations about negative thinking causes. healthy income. ♥ Stop worrying about your future, and take steps to make it stress-free, safe and happy. ★ Click "Buy Now With 1-Click" or "Buy Now" to get started! ★

On the origin of species

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Vikings: A Concise History of the Vikings

VikingsThe saga of the Vikings rises and falls on the banks of history, ebbing and flowing with popular opinion and whimsical anecdotes. The Vikings are routinely typecast and labeled anywhere from bloodthirsty tyrants to valiant heroes. They have been condemned as pirates and praised as explorers. We have all heard the stories of the fierce warriors with long ships and horned helmets storming onto the shores of medieval Europe; but who were these men really? Inside your will read about...✓ From the Fury of the Northmen✓ Retaliation, Royal Ambition, and Bribery✓ The Viking Age of Exploration and Expansion✓ Tidings from the East✓ The End of the Viking Age✓ The Vikings Come to Christ✓ The Second Viking InvasionThis book helps to unravel the mystery. Helping to finally shed the light on why the Vikings abruptly descended onto the world stage in such dramatic fashion, this book begins to explore the motives of the Viking exodus like no other and takes an in depth evaluation of all the geographical, political, economic and religious underpinnings that led the Viking Age.

Year 2 ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION Autumn Term BLOCK 2 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 2 Autumn Term BLOCK 2 – ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 2: - solve problems with addition and subtraction: ○ using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures ○ applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods - recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100 - add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: ○ a two-digit number and ones ○ a two-digit number and tens ○ two two-digit numbers ○ adding three one-digit numbers - show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannotrecognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Mathematics for the Physical Sciences

Introduction to and use of complex analysis and algebraic techniques to understand the solution of boundary value problems. Physics examples serve to introduce the fundamental partial differential equations and “special functions” of mathematical physics. A thorough analysis of Green’s functions leads to a discussion of integral equations. Supplementary topics include dispersion relations and rational function approximation.

Lottie Saves the Polar Bears: Lottie Lovall: International Investigator

Lottie Saves the Polar Bears is a spine-tingling, magical adventure story ideal for children aged 7-12 years. Lottie books can be read in any order, each one taking the young reader on a different mysterious journey. Lottie is having a fun time with Amy on board an exciting cruise to Krystal Island. But then a special dog-sledding trip goes terribly wrong. Lottie and Amy are stranded on the sacred Krystal snow plain. As they await the rescue helicopter, they befriend two cute polar bear cubs playing by the magical Krystal Lake. Polar bears and humans have always stayed separate. Until now! Crazy things happen as the Northern Lights dazzle in the Arctic sky. Suddenly, Lottie is staring into the massive open jaws of a ginormous polar bear. Then it speaks!Lottie is about to discover a doomy secret. The girl detective is Krystal Island’s only hope. When evil awakens, Lottie’s detective skills must save the polar bears. If she fails, the polar bears will not survive.A mix of mystery and action, fun and friendship, Lottie Saves the Polar Bears delivers an important message for all. Unlock Lottie’s adventures now!

Year 2 PLACE VALUE Autumn Term BLOCK 1 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 2 Autumn Term BLOCK 1 – PLACE VALUE. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 2: - count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward andBackward - recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones) - identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line - compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs - read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in worduse place value and number facts to solve problems.

Year 2 MONEY Autumn Term BLOCK 3 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 2 Autumn Term BLOCK 3 – MONEY. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 2: - choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels - compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >,

The Origin of Species

The Origin of Species is the magnum opus of natural scientist Charles Darwin. In the book Darwin presents the theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through the process of natural selection. The book goes on to present a body of evidence for the hypothesis that the diversity of life in this way arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution.Darwin had gathered much of his evidence for the book on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s to among other places the Galápagos Islands.

Truth or Poop? Amazing Animal Facts: A True or False Quiz Book for Curious 7+ Readers a?? can you sort the fact from the fiction? (Truth or Poop: true or false quiz book series 1)

True or false quiz book all about amazing animals that’ll keep you guessing to the end for fans of National Geographic Kids Weird but True books.Here’s the challenge – can you sort the facts from the fibs: The closest living relative to the T-Rex is a chickenSome worms can jumpAn armadillo's armour is bulletproofA bat can eat up to 1,000 insects per hourHippos can run faster than humans Inside this wild and wacky book, you’ll discover 50 amazing animal facts. Some will sound stupid, some will seem obvious, and some may even sound familiar. But you’ve got to think long and hard to work out which are real and which are complete nonsense. That’s right, some are the TRUTH and others are POOP!Kids will get hooked, parents will be baffled, teachers will go cross-eyed, and grandparents will lose their false teeth.This is the perfect gift for inquisitive children that will widen their knowledge and keep them entertained and amazed for HOURS!

Count the Dinosaurs: A Fun Puzzle Book Gift for Kids, Boys or Girls.

A Funny Count the Dinosaurs Puzzle Book for Kids! It will bring endless happiness to your kids. Click"Buy Now" immediately!

Tell Me The Odds: A 15 Page Introduction To Bayes Theorem

Bayes Theorem Is ImportantBayes Theorem is a way of updating probability as you get new information. Essentially, you make an initial guess, and then get more data to improve it. Bayes Theorem, or Bayes Rule, has a ton of real world applications, from estimating your risk of a heart attack to making recommendations on NetflixBut It Isn't That ComplicatedThis book is a short introduction to Bayes Theorem. It is only 15 pages long, and is intended to show you how Bayes Theorem works as quickly as possible. The examples are intentionally kept simple to focus solely on Bayes Theorem without requiring that the reader know complicated probability distributions.If you want to learn the basics of Bayes Theorem as quickly as possible, with some easy to duplicate examples, this is a good book for you.

Foundations of Quantum Theory: From Classical Concepts to Operator Algebras (Fundamental Theories of Physics Book 188)

This book studies the foundations of quantum theory through its relationship to classical physics. This idea goes back to the Copenhagen Interpretation (in the original version due to Bohr and Heisenberg), which the author relates to the mathematical formalism of operator algebras originally created by von Neumann. The book therefore includes comprehensive appendices on functional analysis and C*-algebras, as well as a briefer one on logic, category theory, and topos theory. Matters of foundational as well as mathematical interest that are covered in detail include symmetry (and its "spontaneous" breaking), the measurement problem, the Kochen-Specker, Free Will, and Bell Theorems, the Kadison-Singer conjecture, quantization, indistinguishable particles, the quantum theory of large systems, and quantum logic, the latter in connection with the topos approach to quantum theory.This book is Open Access under a CC BY licence. 

Year 3 ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION Autumn Term BLOCK 2 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 3 Autumn Term BLOCK 2 - ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 3: - add and subtract numbers mentally, including: ○ a three-digit number and ones ○ a three-digit number and tens ○ a three-digit number and hundreds - add and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction - estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answerssolve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction.

Year 1 SHAPE Autumn Term BLOCK 3 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 1 Autumn Term BLOCK 3 – SHAPE. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 1: - recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: ○ 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres].

Year 3 MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION (1) Autumn Term BLOCK 3 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 3 Autumn Term BLOCK 3 - MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION (1). The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 3: - recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables - write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methodssolve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects.

Year 4 PLACE VALUE Autumn Term BLOCK 1 a?? White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 4 Autumn Term BLOCK 1 – PLACE VALUE. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 4: - count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000 - find 1000 more or less than a given number - count backwards through zero to include negative numbers - recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones) - order and compare numbers beyond 1000 - identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations - round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000 - solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbersread Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.

Year 2 MULTIPLICATION Autumn Term BLOCK 4 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 2 Autumn Term BLOCK 4 – MULTIPLICATION. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 2: - recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers - calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs - show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannotsolve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

Year 4 ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION Autumn Term BLOCK 2 a?? White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 4 Autumn Term BLOCK 2 – ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 4: - add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate - estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculationsolve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

HOW TO GROW MUSHROOMS: A Simple Guide for Mushroom Cultivation at Home for Beginners

Discover the Easiest Way to Cultivate MushroomsWould you like to discover the easiest way to grow mushrooms at your home? Do you want that process to be stress- and hassle-free?If you are reading this, you are obviously interested in cultivating your own mushrooms from the comfort of your home, but you have a lot of questions about the process, and you are not quite sure how to do that. Right?You don't have to worry, because this guide will show you everything you need to know about growing mushrooms. It will guide you, step-by-step, through the learning and growing process. That way, you'll mitigate all mistakes that beginners make.With this guide in your hands, you'll become an expert mushroom grower in no time. Forget about failure and frustrations because this book will free you from all of that.You will discover the science behind the mushrooms and their growth; you'll learn how to prepare the best soil for them and to manage the nutrients they need. You will find out proven and tested mushroom cultivation techniques that yield the best results.Here is what this practical guide to growing mushrooms can offer you:Mushrooms and their growthBest types of mushrooms to grow at homeProven and tested mushroom cultivation techniquesHealth benefits of mushroomsTips for havesting your mushroomsIdentifying poisonous mushroomsMushroom dishes and recipesAnd much more!If you want to become an expert mushroom grower with ease, all you have to do is to follow the simple guide and use proven growing techniques found inside this book.Growing mushrooms from the comfort of your home has never been easier – and the possibilities are endless. What are you waiting for?

Food and Climate Change without the hot air: Change your diet: the easiest way to help save the planet

"• 25% of greenhouse gas emissions come from food – how can we reduce this?• What effect does the food we eat have on the environment?• How will climate change affect the food we will eat in the future?• Can the choices we make as consumers reduce carbon emissions dramatically?Inspired by the author's former mentor David MacKay (Sustainable Energy without the Hot Air), Food and Climate Change is a rigorously researched discussion of how food and climate change are intimately connected. In this ground-breaking and accessible work, Prof Sarah Bridle focuses on facts rather than emotive descriptions. Highly illustrated in full colour throughout, the book explains how anyone can reduce the climate impact of their food."

Year 3 PLACE VALUE Autumn Term BLOCK 1 - White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 3 Autumn Term BLOCK 1 – PLACE VALUE. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 3: - count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100; find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number - recognise the place value of each digit in a three-digit number (hundreds, tens, ones) - compare and order numbers up to 1000 - identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations - read and write numbers up to 1000 in numerals and in wordssolve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.

Meditation for Beginners: Easy Techniques to Relieve Stress, Depression and Anxiety and Increase Inner Peace and Motivation for Life

Some 80% of the Most Successful People in the World Practice Daily Mediation or Mindfulness. Follow Proven Methods and Simple, Step-By-Step Guidelines to Improve your Motivation and Happiness, and Reduce Stress, Depression and Anxiety Today!Does it feel like you're being overwhelmed with all the tasks and activities you have to attend to in your life? How can anyone keep up in the fast-paced society of ours? The last thing that you'd be wanting to do is relax and slow down when there's so much going on.But this is exactly what you should do. In this title, you'll find out why, how and when it's best to settle your thoughts, and come out stronger with crystal clarity and well-being. Meditation is especially effective if you're dealing with depression, anxiety or chronic stress. It can increase your inner peace and motivation for life's every task.Here's A Preview Of What You'll LearnWhy Meditation Is ImportantWhat Meditation Assists WithProving Its EffectivenessThe Steps To Meditative PracticesLong-Term Meditative Success TipsAnd Much, Much More!It's never too late to learn and to take action! This book contains no filler, no unnecessary stories or long-winded case studies; simply an explanation and methods to succeed.You can also visit the Self Improvement Academy Library by pasting this link into your search bar: https://www.self-improvement-academy.com/library/

Psilocybin Mushrooms: 2 Books in 1: The Complete Guide to Cultivation and Safe Use of Psychedelic Magic Mushrooms

BUY THE KINDLE VERSION AND GET THE AUDIOBOOK VERSION FOR FREE!!!You Are About To Discover Why Our Ancestors Relied On The Power Of Magic Psilocybin Mushrooms To Life A Longer, Healthier, Happier Life!Have you come across the magic mushrooms trend that is taking over the world by storm because of the benefits that magic mushrooms are touted for?Or have you come across news that some States are taking steps to legalize magic mushrooms and are wondering what’s with these mushrooms that makes them worth the attention of law makers?And do you want to be an early adopter to this new natural remedy for depression, stress, anxiety, migraines, terminal illnesses and much more?If you’ve YES, keep reading…Indeed, magic mushrooms have the power to bring about benefits you may not have imagined. And they are all natural and don’t have some of the side effects of mainstream medication if used properly.So how exactly do these mushrooms work to bring about the effects?How do you use them safely to avoid any negative effects?What benefits can mushrooms bring that you won’t find with elsewhere?How much of it should you use to bring about the different benefits?How can you use magic mushrooms to bring about the said benefits?Is it possible to grow your own mushrooms and how do you go about it?If you have these and other related questions, this 2 in 1 book is for you so keep reading!More precisely, you will learn:The basics of magic mushrooms, including what they are, what they do, the effects on the body and their propertiesThe origin and spiritual significance of psilocybinHow psilocybin use has evolved over the yearsThe spiritual and psychoactive effects of magic mushroomsAlcoholic mushroom extract and some mushroom recipes you can tryLittle known facts about magic mushrooms that you need to know before you start using themHow to cure depression and stress using psilocybin mushroomsHow to safely heal your body using mushrooms and the things to considerThe herbal benefits of mushroomsThe various strains and effects of psilocybin mushrooms, including how to avoid a negative experienceHow to use magic mushrooms to stop addictionThe right dosage to take of psilocybinThe history of mushroom cultivationThe production process of psilocybin mushrooms in different environments and the best types of mushrooms suitable for cultivationThe different cultivation techniques for magic mushrooms, including the best location and climate for psilocybin mushroomHow to harvest, extract and preserve psilocybin mushroomHow to identify mushrooms like a proTips and tricks for growing mushroomsThe various production systems and the use of alternative culture proceduresThe plagues and diseases that affect magic mushroomsTips on seeding and the conditions required for good developmentAnd much moreWhether you are a complete beginner or have advanced knowledge of psilocybin or magic mushroom, you will find this 2 in 1 book useful. And lucky for you, it uses easy to follow, beginner friendly language to help you put what you learn into action!Indeed, you have no reason why you shouldn’t try magic mushrooms to deal with the problems you’ve been struggling with!So why wait any longer?Scroll up and click "Buy Now With 1-Click" or "Buy Now" to get started today!

Hubble 25: A Quarter-Century of Discovery with the Hubble Space Telescope

Now 25 years into its trailblazing mission, Hubble’s greatest accomplishments to date include helping to uncover black holes in the centers of galaxies, observing changes on planets in our solar system, investigating the atmospheres of planets around stars other than the Sun, seeing disks that are possibly forming new solar systems, and hunting down nascent galaxies in the very early universe. Astronomers have also used Hubble to follow up on the work done almost a century ago by the telescope’s namesake, the astronomer Edwin Hubble, whose observations of galaxies revealed that the universe was expanding. Observing with the Hubble telescope, astronomers have refined their calculation for the universe’s expansion rate and discovered the existence of a force called dark energy, which is causing the universe to expand faster and faster as time goes on.The Hubble Space Telescope is an instrument of science — one of the most productive in history. Thousands of astronomers from around the world have used Hubble to explore nearly every facet of the universe, publishing more than 11,000 scientific papers in the process. Still, the magnificent images Hubble takes have proven time and again their power to capture the hearts and minds of scientists and non-scientists alike. The majestic scenes fire the imagination and inspire awe for the astonishing vastness of the cosmos and all the wonders it contains.To celebrate Hubble’s 25th anniversary, this book presents 25 of the most remarkable images Hubble has acquired so far. They are ordered according to distance from Earth, highlighting Hubble’s great range, from observing planets in our own solar system to the stars and galaxies born when the universe was still young.Each chapter in this book introduces one of Hubble’s images and points out some of the features that Hubble’s exceptional vision reveals. It also describes a sample of the related scientific research or discoveries achieved with Hubble. 99 pages. Over one hundred spectacular color photos, diagrams and charts. This is a Print Replica that maintains the formatting and layout of the original edition and offers many of the advantages of standard Kindle books.

Plant Based Cookbook For Beginners: The Complete And Flexible Recipe Book For Eating Well Without Meat That Helps You Get Inspired To Lose Weight, Be Healthier, And Feel Better Every Day

Are You Looking For a Diet That Naturally Increases Your Quality of Life? Then Read-Along And Find Out How a Simple Plant-Based Recipe Book Can Make You Rethink The Way You See Vegetables!Throughout most of their lives, many people rely mainly on the capabilities of the body to digest and cope with whatever life throws at them. Unfortunately, it cannot always be this way…And our society does not make it any easier for us. We are constantly being shoved in our faces superfoods and meal alternatives that imitate, or are supposed to replicate the sources of energy a person might need…Many experts would tell you to supplement regular exercising with the right mix of nutrients. More often than not, such advice sounds as misleading as ambiguous. Trying out new diets and regimens, hoping to achieve the desired results, eventually leaves us with the probability of nothing but frustration.Why? Because we are not keeping it simple… In this sense, a Plant-Based Diet, with all its advantages Nature’s Products have to offer, might be just the answer to better well-being and preventing various ill-related symptoms!Research shows that dietary patterns Rich In Fruits, Vegetables, and Whole Wheat help not only with Strengthening The Immune System but Enhancing a Steady Fat Loss Process while Reducing the Risks of Heart Disease, Stroke, or Diabetes.And With The Help Of This Guide, You Will Have The Opportunity To Positively Impact Your Longevity and Quality of Life!After going through This Plant-Based Diet Manual, you will: Get Familiar With The Plant-Based Diet and find out the science behind receiving better nutrition and living a healthy life (the diet strategy is not only easy, but budget-friendly as well)Discover Over 500 Vegan But At The Same Time Flexible Recipes that not only sound great but also taste outstanding (it’s up to you whether to go vegetarian or fully vegan)Experience Weight Loss And Immune System Protection with ingredients extracted from the Earth’s resources (why do you think our ancestors lived for so long?)Reveal Ingenious and Useful Tips For Cooking Plant-Forward Ingredients and feel like you are being served at a top-notch restaurant (with the tiny difference you are sitting at your own dining table)Find Insightful Suggestions On Shopping and Storage Strategies that will drastically ease your life (by being able to choose products more sensibly and help them stay fresh)And So Much More!…Getting used to your new habits might require some effort, but…Believe it or not, you can practically turn any non-vegan dish into an entirely plant-based equivalent without sacrificing taste (Even When It Comes To Burgers!).With This Guide In Hand, You Will Have The Opportunity To Create Varied and Satisfying Meals, plus getting a HUGE BONUS - A Strong Body and Sound Health. Worth it, Don’t You Think…?… Order Your Copy and Embrace Your New YOU!

Python Programming: Your Beginner Guide To Learn Python in 7 Days: ( python guide , learning python , python programming projects , python tricks , python 3 )

Eager to learn Python Programming Quickly?Have you always wanted to learn computer programming but you thought is difficult for you? Or perhaps you know other programming languages but you are interested in learning Python language fast than ever? If the answer to these questions is yes..........then, you are in the right place! Code is the language of the future. And the time to learn the ins and outs of coding is now, unless of course you want to be left behind from the biggest revolution that mankind will witness. So what does it take to be one of those who the masses will rely on to create products, change them and do a lot more with technology? Well, the secret is in learning programming languages because every electronic device runs on some sort of programming language. The question then becomes; so which programming language should you at least prioritize to learn given that there are so many programming languages? Well, if for whatever reason, you have been looking to learn programming or perhaps looking to improve your programming skills, Python programming language could be the best option you can get right now. It makes everything so easy! From the rich and well-designed standard library and built-ins to the availability of modules and numerous third-party open source libraries, very few programming languages can beat it. Particularly, if you are a beginner who is looking to dip his or her feet into programming, you need to learn a simple language that is easy to understand and that has easy to maintain code. You need to learn a programming language that runs on all key operating systems such as Linux, Mac OS X, and Microsoft windows, and one that is more reliable (does not contain pointers, which is case with other languages based on C). You need to learn Python.Python will provide you all that, and since new platforms like Raspberry Pi are Python based, learning Python will place you at an ideal place where you can enjoy the internet of things of opportunities and anyway (in case you have not yet noticed), Python’s popularity for the internet of things is really growing. That is just a tip of the iceberg, with Python, opportunities and possibilities are simply endless. This book will introduce you to the Python programming language and make sure that after reading the guide, you shall be aware of the basics of the language and able to create simple Python programs. This book the first in a series of 3 books meant to help you learn Python programming, from beginner to intermediate then advanced level. As such, this book will handle everything you need to build a strong understanding of the basics of Python programming language. Let me explain why this book is different... I think that the best way to learn Python (or any other skills) is by doing it. This book includes visual charts that you'll guide you and help you learn those specific codes that you want to learn really fast. And in this way, believe me that you'll have an immense sense of achievement and it’ll also help you retain the knowledge and master the language.Here' what you'll learn from this book:✓Introduction✓Understanding Python: A Detailed Background✓How Python Works✓Python Glossary✓How to Download and Install Python✓Python Programming 101: Interacting With Python in Different Ways✓How to Write Your First Python Program✓Variables, Strings, Lists, Tuples, Dictionaries✓About User-Defined Functions✓How to Write User-Defined Functions in Python✓About Coding Style✓Practice Projects: The Python Projects for Your Practice If you’ve been thinking seriously about digging into programming, Python Programming: Your Beginner Guide To Learn Python in 7 Days , will get you up to speed and have you writing real programs fast. Why wait any longer? Click the BUY button now!

Year 5 PLACE VALUE Autumn Term BLOCK 1 a?? White Rose Maths

From White Rose Maths schemes for Year 5 Autumn Term BLOCK 1 – PLACE VALUE. The activities are designed to meet the aims of the national curriculum for mathematics: - become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately. - reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language - can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions. Curriculum link for Year 5: - read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit - count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000 - interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero - round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 and 100 000 - solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the aboveread Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.

One Hundred Years Of General Relativity: From Genesis And Empirical Foundations To Gravitational Waves, Cosmology And Quantum Gravity - Volume 2: From ... and Quantum Gravity Volume 2) (Volume 2)

The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory: The first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

Particle Physics Reference Library: Volume 2: Detectors for Particles and Radiation

This second open access volume of the handbook series deals with detectors, large experimental facilities and data handling, both for accelerator and non-accelerator based experiments. It also covers applications in medicine and life sciences. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access.

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease: New Philosophical and Scientific Developments

This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

Plate Tectonics

This 15-hour free course, for beginners as well as those with some scientific knowledge, provided an introduction to the study of plate tectonics.

The frozen planet

This 7-hour free course introduced the frozen planet, including polar temperatures, the seasons, graphs and maps, and definition of the polar regions.

The Non-Western World: Environment, Development and Human Rights

Through a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary approach, this introductory textbook focuses on critical issues of development, environment, and cultural conflicts facing most area of the non-Western world. Areas covered include China, Japan, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Bird Species: How They Arise, Modify and Vanish (Fascinating Life Sciences)

The average person can name more bird species than they think, but do we really know what a bird “species” is? This open access book takes up several fascinating aspects of bird life to elucidate this basic concept in biology. From genetic and physiological basics to the phenomena of bird song and bird migration, it analyzes various interactions of birds – with their environment and other birds. Lastly, it shows imminent threats to birds in the Anthropocene, the era of global human impact.Although it seemed to be easy to define bird species, the advent of modern methods has challenged species definition and led to a multidisciplinary approach to classifying birds. One outstanding new toolbox comes with the more and more reasonably priced acquisition of whole-genome sequences that allow causative analyses of how bird species diversify.Speciation has reached a final stage when daughter species are reproductively isolated, but this stage is not easily detectable from the phenotype we observe. Culturally transmitted traits such as bird song seem to speed up speciation processes, while another behavioral trait, migration, helps birds to find food resources, and also coincides with higher chances of reaching new, inhabitable areas. In general, distribution is a major key to understanding speciation in birds. Examples of ecological speciation can be found in birds, and the constant interaction of birds with their biotic environment also contributes to evolutionary changes. In the Anthropocene, birds are confronted with rapid changes that are highly threatening for some species. Climate change forces birds to move their ranges, but may also disrupt well-established interactions between climate, vegetation, and food sources.This book brings together various disciplines involved in observing bird species come into existence, modify, and vanish. It is a rich resource for bird enthusiasts who want to understand various processes at the cutting edge of current research in more detail. At the same time it offers students the opportunity to see primarily unconnected, but booming big-data approaches such as genomics and biogeography meet in a topic of broad interest. Lastly, the book enables conservationists to better understand the uncertainties surrounding “species” as entities of protection.

Two Years Before the Mast

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

The Great Mindshift: How a New Economic Paradigm and Sustainability Transformations go Hand in Hand (The Anthropocene: Politika??Economicsa??Societya??Science Book 2)

This book describes the path ahead. It combines system transformation researchwith political economy and change leadership insights when discussing the needfor a great mindshift in how human wellbeing, economic prosperity and healthyecosystems are understood if the Great Transformations ahead are to lead to moresustainability. It shows that history is made by purposefully acting humans andintroduces transformative literacy as a key skill in leading the  radical incremental change 

Solar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis: The HESPERIA HORIZON 2020 Project and Beyond (Astrophysics and Space Science Library Book 444)

Solar energetic particles (SEPs) emitted from the Sun are a major space weather hazard motivating the development of predictive capabilities. This book presents the results and findings of the HESPERIA (High Energy Solar Particle Events forecasting and Analysis) project of the EU HORIZON 2020 programme. It discusses the forecasting operational tools developed within the project, and presents progress to SEP research contributed by HESPERIA both from the observational as well as the SEP modelling perspective. Using multi-frequency observational data and simulations HESPERIA investigated the chain of processes from particle acceleration in the corona, particle transport in the magnetically complex corona and interplanetary space, to the detection near 1 AU. The book also elaborates on the unique software that has been constructed for inverting observations of relativistic SEPs to physical parameters that can be compared with space-borne measurements at lower energies. Introductory and pedagogical material included in the book make it accessible to students at graduate level and will be useful as background material for Space Physics and Space Weather courses with emphasis on Solar Energetic Particle Event Forecasting and Analysis.This book is published with open access under a CC BY license.

Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics: Exploring Data from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced (IEA Research for Education Book 9)

This open access report explores the nature and extent of students’ misconceptions and misunderstandings related to core concepts in physics and mathematics and physics across grades four, eight and 12. Twenty years of data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments are analyzed, specifically for five countries (Italy, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) who participated in all or almost all TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced assessments between 1995 and 2015.The report focuses on students’ understandings related to gravitational force in physics and linear equations in mathematics. It identifies some specific misconceptions, errors, and misunderstandings demonstrated by the TIMSS Advanced grade 12 students for these core concepts, and shows how these can be traced back to poor foundational development of these concepts in earlier grades. Patterns in misconceptions and misunderstandings are reported by grade, country, and gender. In addition, specific misconceptions and misunderstandings are tracked over time, using trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles. The study and associated methodology may enable education systems to help identify specific needs in the curriculum,  improve inform instruction across grades and also raise possibilities for future TIMSS assessment design and reporting that may provide more diagnostic outcomes.

The Consolation of Philosophy

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Essential Oils For Beginner's! Discover This Guide About How To Effectively Use Essential Oils For Health Benefits

Essential oils have held a prominent role in folk and traditional medicine all over the world for thousands of years. For example, the Chinese regarded it as a vital element in many early recipes, and they even considered it to be a form of medicine. It was even used for healing purposes as a remedy for ailments. Even Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, recognized the power of essential oils and wrote that they "acted as a stimulant and curative agent in all disorders of the mind". However, modern science today supports most of the old claims made regarding them, such as:Stress Relief. Several essential oils have been used in aromatherapy to successfully manage stress and anxiety, which can ultimately improve your quality of life. Among the plants most commonly used in aromatherapy are: Coriander, Cedarwood, Clove, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli, Rose, Sandalwood, Vanilla, Ylang-ylangAromatherapy Can Reduce Stress. The scent of a drop of peppermint in warm water has proven to be an extremely effective stress reliever, which is apparent in the reduced complaints from people suffering from stress-related disorders. Peppermint is one of the main components of essential oils used in aromatherapy. In addition, geranium and cedarwood are also very effective in alleviating stress. Other scents that have proven to be very effective against stress include basil and clove.

Aquaponics Food Production Systems: Combined Aquaculture and Hydroponic Production Technologies for the Future

This open access book, written by world experts in aquaponics and related technologies, provides the authoritative and comprehensive overview of the key aquaculture and hydroponic and other integrated systems, socio-economic and environmental aspects. Aquaponic systems, which combine aquaculture and vegetable food production offer alternative technology solutions for a world that is increasingly under stress through population growth, urbanisation, water shortages, land and soil degradation, environmental pollution, world hunger and climate change. 

The Archaeology of Europea??s Drowned Landscapes (Coastal Research Library Book 35)

This open access volume provides for the first time a comprehensive description and scientific evaluation of underwater archaeological finds referring to human occupation of the continental shelf around the coastlines of Europe and the Mediterranean when sea levels were lower than present. These are the largest body of underwater finds worldwide, amounting to over 2500 find spots, ranging from individual stone tools to underwater villages with unique conditions of preservation. The material reviewed here ranges in date from the Lower Palaeolithic period to the Bronze Age and covers 20 countries bordering all the major marine basins from the Atlantic coasts of Ireland and Norway to the Black Sea, and from the western Baltic to the eastern Mediterranean. The finds from each country are presented in their archaeological context, with information on the history of discovery, conditions of preservation and visibility, their relationship to regional changes in sea-level and coastal geomorphology, and the institutional arrangements for their investigation and protection. Editorial introductions summarise the findings from each of the major marine basins. There is also a final section with extensive discussion of the historical background and the legal and regulatory frameworks that inform the management of the underwater cultural heritage and collaboration between offshore industries, archaeologists and government agencies. The volume is based on the work of COST Action TD0902 SPLASHCOS, a multi-disciplinary and multi-national research network supported by the EU-funded COST organisation (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). The primary readership is research and professional archaeologists, marine and Quaternary scientists, cultural-heritage managers, commercial and governmental organisations, policy makers, and all those with an interest in the sea floor of the continental shelf and the human impact of changes in climate, sea-level and coastal geomorphology.

Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights (Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Rights Book 5)

This open access book analyses the interplay of sustainable development and human rights from different perspectives including fight against poverty, health, gender equality, working conditions, climate change and the role of private actors. Each aspect is addressed from a more human rights-focused angle and a development-policy angle. This allows comparisons between the different approaches but also seeks to close gaps which would remain if only one perspective would be at the center of the discussions.Specifically, the book shows the strong connections between human rights and the objectives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in 2015. Already the preamble of this document explicitly states that “the 17 Sustainable Development Goals ... seek to realise the human rights of all”. Moreover, several goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda correspond to already existing individual human rights obligations. The contributions of this volume therefore also address how the implementation of human rights and SDGs can reinforce each other, but also point to critical shortcomings of the different approaches.

Permeable Reactive Barrier: Sustainable Groundwater Remediation (Advances in Trace Elements in the Environment Book 1)

Remediation of groundwater is complex and often challenging. But the cost of pump and treat technology, coupled with the dismal results achieved, has paved the way for newer, better technologies to be developed. Among these techniques is permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technology, which allows groundwater to pass through a buried porous barrier that either captures the contaminants or breaks them down. And although this approach is gaining popularity, there are few references available on the subject. Until now. Permeable Reactive Barrier: Sustainable Groundwater Remediation brings together the information required to plan, design/model, and apply a successful, cost-effective, and sustainable PRB technology.With contributions from pioneers in this area, the book covers state-of-the-art information on PRB technology. It details design criteria, predictive modeling, and application to contaminants beyond petroleum hydrocarbons, including inorganics and radionuclides. The text also examines implementation stages such as the initial feasibility assessment, laboratory treatability studies (including column studies), estimation of PRB design parameters, and development of a long-term monitoring network for the performance evaluation of the barrier. It also outlines the predictive tools required for life cycle analysis and cost/performance assessment.A review of current PRB technology and its applications, this book includes case studies that exemplify the concepts discussed. It helps you determine when to recommend PRB, what information is needed from the site investigation to design it, and what regulatory validation is required.

Mapping Urban Spaces: Designing the European City

Mapping Urban Spaces focuses on medium-sized European cities and more specifically on their open spaces from psychological, sociological, and aesthetic points of view. The chapters illustrate how the characteristics that make life in medium-sized European cities pleasant and sustainable – accessibility, ease of travel, urban sustainability, social inclusiveness – can be traced back to the nature of that space. The chapters develop from a phenomenological study of space to contributions on places and landscapes in the city. Centralities and their meaning are studied, as well as the social space and its complexity. The contributions focus on history and theory as well as concrete research and mapping approaches and the resulting design applications. The case studies come from countries around Europe including Poland, Italy, Greece, Germany, and France, among others. The book will be of interest to students, scholars, and practitioners in architecture, urban planning, and landscape architecture.

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods for Social-Ecological Systems (Routledge International Handbooks)

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods for Social-Ecological Systems provides a synthetic guide to the range of methods that can be employed in social-ecological systems (SES) research. The book is primarily targeted at graduate students, lecturers and researchers working on SES, and has been written in a style that is accessible to readers entering the field from a variety of different disciplinary backgrounds. Each chapter discusses the types of SES questions to which the particular methods are suited and the potential resources and skills required for their implementation, and provides practical examples of the application of the methods. In addition, the book contains a conceptual and practical introduction to SES research, a discussion of key gaps and frontiers in SES research methods, and a glossary of key terms in SES research. Contributions from 97 different authors, situated at SES research hubs in 16 countries around the world, including South Africa, Sweden, Germany and Australia, bring a wealth of expertise and experience to this book.The first book to provide a guide and introduction specifically focused on methods for studying SES, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of sustainability science, environmental management, global environmental change studies and environmental governance. The book will also be of interest to upper-level undergraduates and professionals working at the science–policy interface in the environmental arena.

Volcanic Unrest: From Science to Society (Advances in Volcanology)

This open access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics:1.     The global significance of volcanic unrest2.     Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity3.     Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena4.     Bridging the gap between science and decision-makingVolcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment.  Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems: Long-Term Study on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

This open access book summarizes the latest scientific findings regarding the biological effects of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in 2011.Various cases of changes in animals and organisms have been reported since the FNPP accident. However, it is often unknown whether they are actually due to radiation, since the dose or dose-rate are not necessarily associated with the changes observed. This book brings together the works of radiation biologists and ecologists to provide reliable radioecology data and gives insight into future radioprotection.The book examines the environmental pollution and radiation exposure, and contains valuable data from abandoned livestock in the ex-evacuation zone and from wild animals including invertebrates and vertebrates, aqueous and terrestrial animals, and plants that are subjected to long-term exposure in the area still affected by radiation. It also analyzes dose evaluation, and offers new perspectives gained from the accident, as well as an overview for future studies to promote radioprotection of humans and the ecosystem.Since the biological impact of radiation is influenced by various factors, it is difficult to scientifically define the effects of low-dose/low-dose-rate radiation. However, the detailed research data presented can be combined with the latest scientific and technological advances, such as artificial intelligence, to provide new insights in the future.This book is a unique and valuable resource for researchers, professionals and anyone interested in the impact of exposure to radiation or contamination with radioactive materials. 

Framing in Sustainability Science: Theoretical and Practical Approaches (Science for Sustainable Societies)

This open access book offers both conceptual and empirical descriptions of how to “frame” sustainability challenges. It defines “framing” in the context of sustainability science as the process of identifying subjects, setting boundaries, and defining problems. The chapters are grouped into two sections: a conceptual section and a case section. The conceptual section introduces readers to theories and concepts that can be used to achieve multiple understandings of sustainability; in turn, the case section highlights different ways of comprehending sustainability for researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders. The book offers diverse illustrations of what sustainability concepts entail, both conceptually and empirically, and will help readers become aware of the implicit framings in sustainability-related discourses. In the extant literature, sustainability challenges such as climate change, sustainable development, and rapid urbanization have largely been treated as “pre-set,” fixed topics, while possible solutions have been discussed intensively. In contrast, this book examines the framings applied to the sustainability challenges themselves, and illustrates the road that led us to the current sustainability discourse.

A City in Blue and Green: The Singapore Story

This open access book highlights Singapore’s development into a city in which water and greenery, along with associated environmental, technical, social and political aspects have been harnessed and cultivated into a liveable sustainable way of life. It is also a story about a unique and thoroughgoing approach to large-scale and potentially transferable water sustainability, within largely urbanized circumstances, which can be achieved, along with complementary roles of environmental conservation, ecology, public open-space management and the greening of buildings, together with infrastructural improvements.

Yesterday's Thief, Tomorrow's Science: A Look at the Real-life Technology Behind Eric Beckman's World

This short nonfiction book takes a look at some of the science and technology described in the popular science fiction novel, Yesterday's Thief.Here are some of the questions it examines:Can earthquakes be predicted?Is mind reading possible?What are space-time crystals?Do people really try to steal power?What kind of time travel is possible (and happens every day)?Is it really possible to artificially inseminate three thousand cows in one year?Can oil wells be infected?Do jewel thieves make stupid mistakes?Does cold fusion deserve a second look?

Pleasures of the telescope An Illustrated Guide for Amateur Astronomers and a Popular Description of the Chief Wonders of the Heavens for General Readers

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Half-hours with the Telescope Being a Popular Guide to the Use of the Telescope as a Means of Amusement and Instruction.

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Science and Technology Governance and Ethics: A Global Perspective from Europe, India and China

This book analyzes the possibilities for effective global governance of science in Europe, India and China. Authors from the three regions join forces to explore how ethical concerns over new technologies can be incorporated into global science and technology policies. The first chapter introduces the topic, offering a global perspective on embedding ethics in science and technology policy. Chapter Two compares the institutionalization of ethical debates in science, technology and innovation policy in three important regions: Europe, India and China. The third chapter explores public perceptions of science and technology in these same three regions. Chapter Four discusses public engagement in the governance of science and technology, and Chapter Five reviews science and technology governance and European values. The sixth chapter describes and analyzes values demonstrated in the constitution of the People’s Republic of China. Chapter Seven describes emerging evidence from India on the uses of science and technology for socio-economic development, and the quest for inclusive growth. In Chapter Eight, the authors propose a comparative framework for studying global ethics in science and technology. The following three chapters offer case studies and analysis of three emerging industries in India, China and Europe: new food technologies, nanotechnology and synthetic biology. Chapter 12 gathers all these threads for a comprehensive discussion on incorporating ethics into science and technology policy. The analysis is undertaken against the backdrop of different value systems and varying levels of public perception of risks and benefits. The book introduces a common analytical framework for the comparative discussion of ethics at the international level. The authors offer policy recommendations for effective collaboration among the three regions, to promote responsible governance in science and technology and a common analytical perspective in ethics.

Optically Induced Nanostructures: Biomedical and Technical Applications

Nanostructuring of materials is a task at the heart of many modern disciplines in mechanical engineering, as well as optics, electronics, and the life sciences. This book includes an introduction to the relevant nonlinear optical processes as well as coverage of state-of-the-art applications of non-UV radiation such as cell reprogramming, surface treatments of implants, production of nanowires, friction modification, and 3D data storage.

Challenges And Goals For Accelerators In The Xxi Century

The past 100 years of accelerator-based research have led the field from first insights into the structure of atoms to the development and confirmation of the Standard Model of physics. Accelerators have been a key tool in developing our understanding of the elementary particles and the forces that govern their interactions. This book describes the past 100 years of accelerator development with a special focus on the technological advancements in the field, the connection of the various accelerator projects to key developments and discoveries in the Standard Model, how accelerator technologies open the door to other applications in medicine and industry, and finally presents an outlook of future accelerator projects for the coming decades.

Demystifying Climate Models: A Users Guide to Earth System Models (Earth Systems Data and Models Book 2)

This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.

Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science

This open access book comprehensively covers the fundamentals of clinical data science, focusing on data collection, modelling and clinical applications.  Topics covered in the first section on data collection include: data sources, data at scale (big data), data stewardship (FAIR data) and  related privacy concerns. Aspects of  predictive modelling  using techniques such as classification, regression or clustering, and prediction model validation will be covered in the second section. The third section covers aspects of (mobile) clinical decision support systems, operational excellence and value-based healthcare.Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science is an essential resource for healthcare professionals and IT consultants intending to develop and refine their skills in personalized medicine, using solutions based on large datasets from electronic health records or telemonitoring programmes. The book’s promise is “no math, no code”and will explain the topics in a style that is optimized for a healthcare audience.

Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society: An Overview

In 2010, NASA and the National Science Foundation asked the National Research Council to assemble a committee of experts to develop an integrated national strategy that would guide agency investments in solar and space physics for the years 2013-2022. That strategy, the result of nearly 2 years of effort by the survey committee, which worked with more than 100 scientists and engineers on eight supporting study panels, is presented in the 2013 publication, Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society. This booklet, designed to be accessible to a broader audience of policymakers and the interested public, summarizes the content of that report.

Science With The Cherenkov Telescope Array

This book summarizes the science to be carried out by the upcoming Cherenkov Telescope Array, a major ground-based gamma-ray observatory that will be constructed over the next six to eight years. The major scientific themes, as well as core program of key science projects, have been developed by the CTA Consortium, a collaboration of scientists from many institutions worldwide.CTA will be the major facility in high-energy and very high-energy photon astronomy over the next decade and beyond. CTA will have capabilities well beyond past and present observatories. Thus, CTA's science program is expected to be rich and broad and will complement other major multiwavelength and multimessenger facilities. This book is intended to be the primary resource for the science case for CTA and it thus will be of great interest to the broader physics and astronomy communities. The electronic version (e-book) is available in open access.

Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets: Designs, Technologies and Performance (Particle Acceleration and Detection)

This open access book is written by world-recognized experts in the fields of applied superconductivity and superconducting accelerator magnet technologies. It provides a contemporary review and assessment of the experience in research and development of high-field accelerator dipole magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor over the past five decades. The reader attains clear insight into the development and the main properties of Nb3Sn composite superconducting wires and Rutherford cables, and details of accelerator dipole designs, technologies and performance. Special attention is given to innovative features of the developed Nb3Sn magnets. The book concludes with a discussion of accelerator magnet needs for future circular colliders.

Particle Physics Reference Library: Volume 3: Accelerators and Colliders

This third open access volume of the handbook series deals with accelerator physics, design, technology and operations, as well as with beam optics, dynamics and diagnostics.A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access

Open Skies: The National Radio Astronomy Observatory and Its Impact on US Radio Astronomy (Historical & Cultural Astronomy)

This open access book on the history of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory covers the scientific discoveries and technical innovations of late 20th century radio astronomy with particular attention to the people and institutions involved. The authors have made extensive use of the NRAO Archives, which contain an unparalleled collection of documents pertaining to the history of radio astronomy, including the institutional records of NRAO as well as the personal papers of many of the pioneers of U.S. radio astronomy. Technical details and extensive citations to original sources are given in notes for the more technical readers, but are not required for an understanding of the body of the book.This book is intended for an audience ranging from interested lay readers to professional researchers studying the scientific, technical, political, and cultural development of a new science, and how it changed the course of 20th century astronomy.