Scientific, Technical & Medical Books

Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance

Learn The Power of Passion and Perseverance Now!

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This book will help you understand what grit is, its relationship with success, why and how your IQ does not really matter in determining your success, and how to develop grit to attain anything you've ever wanted.

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Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface

The Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry first introduced the concept of "Interface Oral Health Science", designed to establish and maintain healthy oral cavities, which are home to a number of mixed systems. Included in those systems are: (1) host tissues such as teeth, mucosa, muscle and bone, (2) parasites and microorganisms cohabiting the surfaces of the oral cavity and (3) biomaterials that are used for the rehabilitation of oral functions. In addition, (4) these systems are subject to severe and complex mechanical forces. Therefore, it is critical to promote dental studies that integrate a wide range of interdisciplinary research as medicine, agriculture, material science, engineering, and pharmacology. With this incentive, international symposiums for interface oral health science have been held several times in the past. The concept has since refined and expanded, the result being the "Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface," and projects aiming at the creation of highly functional and autonomic intelligent interfaces are ongoing. This book brings together a number of studies on incentives and projects by leading authors. Topics include biosis-abiosis interface of dental implants, biomaterials in interface science, biomedical engineering interface and cell manipulation and tissue regeneration. Readers not only from the field of dentistry but also many related areas will find this book a valuable resource.

Advances in Production Technology (Lecture Notes in Production Engineering)

This edited volume contains the selected papers presented at the scientific board meeting of the German Cluster of Excellence on "Integrative Production Technology for High-Wage Countries", held in November 2014. The topical structure of the book is clustered in six sessions: Integrative Production Technology, Individualised Production, Virtual Production Systems, Integrated Technologies, Self-Optimising Production Systems and Human Factors in Production Technology. The Aachen perspective on a holistic theory of production is complemented by conference papers from external leading researchers in the fields of production, materials science and bordering disciplines. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in the field but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident

This book focuses on nuclear engineering education in the post-Fukushima era. It was edited by the organizers of the summer school held in August 2011 in University of California, Berkeley, as part of a collaborative program between the University of Tokyo and UC Berkeley. Motivated by the particular relevance and importance of social-scientific approaches to various crucial aspects of nuclear technology, special emphasis was placed on integrating nuclear science and engineering with social science. The book consists of the lectures given in 2011 summer school and additional chapters that cover developments in the past three years since the accident. It provides an arena for discussions to find and create a renewed platform for engineering practices, and thus nuclear engineering education, which are essential in the post-Fukushima era for nurturing nuclear engineers who need to be both technically competent and trusted in society.

BioCoder #6: Winter 2015

"BioCoder" is a quarterly newsletter for DIYbio, synthetic bio, and anything related. You'll discover: Articles about interesting projects and experiments, such as the glowing plantArticles about tools, both those you buy and those you buildVisits to DIYbio laboratoriesProfiles of key people in the communityAnnouncements of events and other items of interestSafety pointers and tips about good laboratory practiceAnything that's interesting or useful: you tell us!And "BioCoder" is free (for the time being), unless you want a dead-tree version. We'd like "BioCoder" to become self supporting (maybe even profitable), but we'll worry about that after we've got a few issues under our belt.If you'd like to contribute, send email to [email protected] Tell us what you'd like to do, and we'll get you started.

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin (Regional Climate Studies)

This book is an update of the first BACC assessment, published in 2008. It offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the Baltic Sea basin. These include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. There are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. A new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. The evidence collected and presented in this book shows that the regional climate has already started to change and this is expected to continue. Projections of potential future climates show that the region will probably become considerably warmer and wetter in some parts, but dryer in others. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems have already shown adjustments to increased temperatures and are expected to undergo further changes in the near future. The BACC II Author Team consists of 141 scientists from 12 countries, covering various disciplines related to climate research and related impacts. BACC II is a project of the Baltic Earth research network and contributes to the World Climate Research Programme.

Introduction to bookkeeping and accounting

Learn about the essential numerical skills required for accounting and bookkeeping. This free course, Introduction to bookkeeping and accounting, explains the fundamental rules of double-entry bookkeeping and how they are used to produce the balance sheet and the profit and loss account.

Contemporary Bioethics: Islamic Perspective

This book discusses the common principles of morality and ethics derived from divinely endowed intuitive reason through the creation of al-fitr' a (nature) and human intellect (al-'aql). Biomedical topics are presented and ethical issues related to topics such as genetic testing, assisted reproduction and organ transplantation are discussed. Whereas these natural sources are God's special gifts to human beings, God's revelation as given to the prophets is the supernatural source of divine guidance through which human communities have been guided at all times through history. The second part of the book concentrates on the objectives of Islamic religious practice - the maqa' sid - which include: Preservation of Faith, Preservation of Life, Preservation of Mind (intellect and reason), Preservation of Progeny (al-nasl) and Preservation of Property. Lastly, the third part of the book discusses selected topical issues, including abortion, assisted reproduction devices, genetics, organ transplantation, brain death and end-of-life aspects. For each topic, the current medical evidence is followed by a detailed discussion of the ethical issues involved.

High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation (Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology)

In this Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on "High Density Lipoproteins - from biological understanding to clinical exploitation" contributing authors (members of COST Action BM0904/HDLnet) summarize in more than 20 chapters our current knowledge on the structure, function, metabolism and regulation of HDL in health and several diseases as well as the status of past and ongoing attempts of therapeutic exploitation. The book is of interest to researchers in academia and industry focusing on lipoprotein metabolism, cardiovascular diseases and immunology as well as clinical pharmacologists, cardiologists, diabetologists, nephrologists and other clinicians interested in metabolic or inflammatory diseases.

Beyond the Limits to Growth: New Ideas for Sustainability from Japan (Science for Sustainable Societies)

At a time when contemporary challenges seem to many to be insurmountable, this book offers an optimistic view of the future and provides a road map for societies to get there. Drawing upon extensive research and many years as a thought leader in environmental and sustainability issues in Japan and internationally, Hiroshi Komiyama analyzes the most pressing challenges to the attainment of sustainability of economically advanced nations and argues forcefully for Japan to lead them out of the present dilemma through active promotion of creative consumer and societal demand. He shows how an active industry-government-academic partnership can provide the environment needed to promote such new creative demand and illustrates its potential through presentation of a Platinum Society Network that was launched on a regional basis in Japan in 2010 to facilitate the solution of common issues through the exchange of information and ideas. What is perhaps most surprising about the text is its unwavering optimism supported by hard evidence, history, and insightful observation.Problems arising from new paradigms of the 21st century (what the author refers to as "exploding knowledge, limited Earth resources, and aging societies") thwart sustainable development in advanced and developing countries alike. All countries will struggle with issues that evolve from these paradigms including diminishing resources, expanding budget deficits, and growing global environmental problems. This window on potential practical pathways and solutions should be of interest to all those engaged in seeking ways to meet these contemporary challenges.

Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants

This book contains the proceedings of the International Symposium on the Mechanisms of Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants, where many plant and animal reproductive biologists gathered to discuss their recent progress in investigating the shared mechanisms and factors involved in sexual reproduction. This now is the first book that reviews recent progress in almost all fields of plant and animal fertilization. It was recently reported that the self-sterile mechanism of a hermaphroditic marine invertebrate (ascidian) is very similar to the self-incompatibility system in flowering plants. It was also found that a male factor expressed in the sperm cells of flowering plants is involved in gamete fusion not only of plants but also of animals and parasites. These discoveries have led to the consideration that the core mechanisms or factors involved in sexual reproduction may be shared by animals, plants and unicellular organisms. This valuable book is highly useful for reproductive biologists as well as for biological scientists outside this field in understanding the current progress of reproductive biology.

Dryness of the Mouth

Dry mouth may be caused by a systemic disease or by medication. The development of dental caries and mucosal infections caused by reduced salivary flow rate is prevented by providing up-to-date treatment and information.

Prevention of Bacterial Endocarditis

Maintenance of good oral hygiene is much more important in preventing infective endocarditis of dental origin than giving antimicrobial prophylaxis.

The life sciences industry: An introduction

This 6-hour free course explored the emergence of the life sciences sector and science, business and management strategies used in life sciences.

Down's Syndrome

Health problems that are characteristic to Down syndrome (DS) should be identified early (particularly congenital heart anomalies, vision and hearing impairment, hypothyroidism and coeliac disease). The monitoring and treatment of DS is the responsibility of the primary health care. Support services for intellectual and developmental disabilities should only be involved when specialist expertise is needed, e.g. for rehabilitation purposes.

Blood Gas Analysis and Acid-base Balance

The blood specimen should be examined as soon as possible after sampling

The Real Year 2 OSCE Book

Perhaps the most thorough literature available for Year 2 OSCEs, this book chronicles all major stations and the detailed approaches of how to tackle them. Be it how to take on a difficult conversation, how to reach a tricky diagnosis, or even simply, how to impress your examiner, this book is the perfect companion for your OSCE practice.

Layered within are examples of real OSCE scenarios, common pitfalls and how to avoid them. The chapters illustrate to great effect how to perfect your clinical and communication skills from passable to exemplary. This book is written as an unofficial guide for the KCL Year 2 OSCEs.

Designed to act as an aid and go-to for the KCL second year medical student in preparation for the upcoming OSCE exams, this book is filled with tips and hints from the authors' own experiences. The aim is to help you get those crucial extra points that are often not taught but could mean the difference between failing and passing a station.

Dental Caries and Other Diseases of the Hard Tissues of the Teeth and Dental Pulp

Caries is a disease of the hard dental tissues. It has a high prevalence; it concerns almost everyone in industrialized countries. In countries with systematically organized dental care of children and adolescents, the prevalence of caries in younger generations has significantly decreased whereas the prevalence in older population has increased. The first stage of carious attack is the formation of dental plaque on certain surfaces of the tooth. The micro-organisms of normal oral microbial flora accumulate on the pellicle (formed from saliva) on tooth surfaces, and the formation of dental plaque starts.

Clinical Neurophysiology in Diagnostics

Clinical neurophysiology is a branch of medicine concerned with the measurement of the electrical activity of the central nervous system, peripheral nerves and muscles. The measurements of electrical activity are usually sensitive but, as far as the aetiology of the lesion is concerned, non-specific. The investigations are labour-intensive, and they are consultations by nature. Some of the investigations are uncomfortable for the patient. Neurophysiological investigations are therefore not suitable for screening purposes.

Dental Traumas

An avulsed permanent tooth should be replanted if the tooth is intact and alveolar socket is uninjured. Even if replantation later fails, it improves the outcome of a later implantation and postpones the the need of prosthetic replacement of the tooth. An avulsed primary tooth should never be replanted so as not to damage the developing permanent tooth underneath.

Gilbert's Syndrome

This common disorder presenting as asymptomatic jaundice should be identified and unnecessary examinations and referrals avoided.

Swelling of the Salivary Glands

Antibiotic treatment is necessary if the swelling of the salivary gland is associated with purulent discharge at the orifice of the gland duct or there are other signs of bacterial infection. Unilateral swelling of the submandibular gland is usually due to sialolithiasis. Bilateral swelling with few symptoms may be caused by sialadenosis, which is associated with systemic illnesses, or by SjOgren's syndrome. If unilateral swelling develops gradually, the possibility of a tumour should be considered, particularly in patients over 50 years of age. Do not take a biopsy but refer the patient to a specialist.

A Statistics Compilation: A Wiley eBook Sampler

The 2013 Statistics Reading Sampler includes select material from seven Wiley Statistics titles:

An Accidental Statistician: The Life and Memories of George E. P. Box,Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition,The Art of Data Analysis: How to Answer Almost Any Question Using Basic Statistics,Multiple Imputation and its Application,Data Mining and Business Analytics with R,High-Dimensional Covariance Estimation: With High-Dimensional Data,Introduction to Logistics Systems Management, Second Edition.For each selection, you'll find the full Table of Contents as well as the first chapter. To read more from these books, you can purchase the full book or e-book at your favorite online retailer.

Malocclusions of the Teeth

Malocclusions are in part hereditary but environmental factors, including factors related to breathing and facial trauma, may play a significant part in the development of the condition. Certain types of malocclusion may predispose the patient to jaw and facial pain.

CYBERSECURITYBOOK 2 (CYBERSECURITY 101)

WILL YOU BE READY TO PROTECT YOUR DATA?

Qualité du matériel forestier de reproduction et application des directives communautaires (Actes de colloque)

What is the situation concerning the application of Community directives related to the genetic quality of forest trees? Researchers and administrators take a look at the impact of the evolution of knowledge on this subject.

The Moon Metal

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology)

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 1 (Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering)

This book collects 5 keynote and 15 topic lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC). The book's twenty state-of-the-art papers were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the Third Ambraseys Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Robin Spence in honor of Prof. Nicholas N. Ambraseys. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe's most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields. Audience: This book is of interest to civil engineers in the fields of geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering; scientists and researchers in the fields of seismology, geology and geophysics. Not only scientists, engineers and students, but also those interested in earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation will find in this book the most recent advances.

The Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education: Intellectual and attitudinal challenges

This book comprises the Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-12), which was held at COEX in Seoul, Korea, from July 8th to 15th, 2012. ICME-12 brought together 3500 experts from 92 countries, working to understand all of the intellectual and attitudinal challenges in the subject of mathematics education as a multidisciplinary research and practice. This work aims to serve as a platform for deeper, more sensitive and more collaborative involvement of all major contributors towards educational improvement and in research on the nature of teaching and learning in mathematics education. It introduces the major activities of ICME-12 which have successfully contributed to the sustainable development of mathematics education across the world. The program provides food for thought and inspiration for practice for everyone with an interest in mathematics education and makes an essential reference for teacher educators, curriculum developers and researchers in mathematics education. The work includes the texts of the four plenary lectures and three plenary panels and reports of three survey groups, five National presentations, the abstracts of fifty one Regular lectures, reports of thirty seven Topic Study Groups and seventeen Discussion Groups.

Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development

This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of "proof of concept". There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Theory and Applications of Ordered Fuzzy Numbers: A Tribute to Professor Witold Kosiński (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing)

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

This open access book offers comprehensive coverage on Ordered Fuzzy Numbers, providing readers with both the basic information and the necessary expertise to use them in a variety of real-world applications. The respective chapters, written by leading researchers, discuss the main techniques and applications, together with the advantages and shortcomings of these tools in comparison to other fuzzy number representation models. Primarily intended for engineers and researchers in the field of fuzzy arithmetic, the book also offers a valuable source of basic information on fuzzy models and an easy-to-understand reference guide to their applications for advanced undergraduate students, operations researchers, modelers and managers alike.