Scientific, Technical & Medical Books

Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface

The Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry first introduced the concept of "Interface Oral Health Science", designed to establish and maintain healthy oral cavities, which are home to a number of mixed systems. Included in those systems are: (1) host tissues such as teeth, mucosa, muscle and bone, (2) parasites and microorganisms cohabiting the surfaces of the oral cavity and (3) biomaterials that are used for the rehabilitation of oral functions. In addition, (4) these systems are subject to severe and complex mechanical forces. Therefore, it is critical to promote dental studies that integrate a wide range of interdisciplinary research as medicine, agriculture, material science, engineering, and pharmacology. With this incentive, international symposiums for interface oral health science have been held several times in the past. The concept has since refined and expanded, the result being the "Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface," and projects aiming at the creation of highly functional and autonomic intelligent interfaces are ongoing. This book brings together a number of studies on incentives and projects by leading authors. Topics include biosis-abiosis interface of dental implants, biomaterials in interface science, biomedical engineering interface and cell manipulation and tissue regeneration. Readers not only from the field of dentistry but also many related areas will find this book a valuable resource.

Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development

This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of "proof of concept". There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident

This book focuses on nuclear engineering education in the post-Fukushima era. It was edited by the organizers of the summer school held in August 2011 in University of California, Berkeley, as part of a collaborative program between the University of Tokyo and UC Berkeley. Motivated by the particular relevance and importance of social-scientific approaches to various crucial aspects of nuclear technology, special emphasis was placed on integrating nuclear science and engineering with social science. The book consists of the lectures given in 2011 summer school and additional chapters that cover developments in the past three years since the accident. It provides an arena for discussions to find and create a renewed platform for engineering practices, and thus nuclear engineering education, which are essential in the post-Fukushima era for nurturing nuclear engineers who need to be both technically competent and trusted in society.

BioCoder #6: Winter 2015

"BioCoder" is a quarterly newsletter for DIYbio, synthetic bio, and anything related. You'll discover: Articles about interesting projects and experiments, such as the glowing plantArticles about tools, both those you buy and those you buildVisits to DIYbio laboratoriesProfiles of key people in the communityAnnouncements of events and other items of interestSafety pointers and tips about good laboratory practiceAnything that's interesting or useful: you tell us!And "BioCoder" is free (for the time being), unless you want a dead-tree version. We'd like "BioCoder" to become self supporting (maybe even profitable), but we'll worry about that after we've got a few issues under our belt.If you'd like to contribute, send email to [email protected] Tell us what you'd like to do, and we'll get you started.

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions (Life Course Research and Social Policies)

This book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time. The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations. Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin (Regional Climate Studies)

This book is an update of the first BACC assessment, published in 2008. It offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the Baltic Sea basin. These include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. There are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. A new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. The evidence collected and presented in this book shows that the regional climate has already started to change and this is expected to continue. Projections of potential future climates show that the region will probably become considerably warmer and wetter in some parts, but dryer in others. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems have already shown adjustments to increased temperatures and are expected to undergo further changes in the near future. The BACC II Author Team consists of 141 scientists from 12 countries, covering various disciplines related to climate research and related impacts. BACC II is a project of the Baltic Earth research network and contributes to the World Climate Research Programme.

Tuberculosis in Adults and Children (SpringerBriefs in Public Health)

This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.

Contemporary Bioethics: Islamic Perspective

This book discusses the common principles of morality and ethics derived from divinely endowed intuitive reason through the creation of al-fitr' a (nature) and human intellect (al-'aql). Biomedical topics are presented and ethical issues related to topics such as genetic testing, assisted reproduction and organ transplantation are discussed. Whereas these natural sources are God's special gifts to human beings, God's revelation as given to the prophets is the supernatural source of divine guidance through which human communities have been guided at all times through history. The second part of the book concentrates on the objectives of Islamic religious practice - the maqa' sid - which include: Preservation of Faith, Preservation of Life, Preservation of Mind (intellect and reason), Preservation of Progeny (al-nasl) and Preservation of Property. Lastly, the third part of the book discusses selected topical issues, including abortion, assisted reproduction devices, genetics, organ transplantation, brain death and end-of-life aspects. For each topic, the current medical evidence is followed by a detailed discussion of the ethical issues involved.

Astronomy

Astronomy is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of one- or two-semester introductory astronomy courses. The book begins with relevant scientific fundamentals and progresses through an exploration of the solar system, stars, galaxies, and cosmology. The Astronomy textbook builds student understanding through the use of relevant analogies, clear and non-technical explanations, and rich illustrations. Mathematics is included in a flexible manner to meet the needs of individual instructors.

High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation (Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology)

In this Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on "High Density Lipoproteins - from biological understanding to clinical exploitation" contributing authors (members of COST Action BM0904/HDLnet) summarize in more than 20 chapters our current knowledge on the structure, function, metabolism and regulation of HDL in health and several diseases as well as the status of past and ongoing attempts of therapeutic exploitation. The book is of interest to researchers in academia and industry focusing on lipoprotein metabolism, cardiovascular diseases and immunology as well as clinical pharmacologists, cardiologists, diabetologists, nephrologists and other clinicians interested in metabolic or inflammatory diseases.

Mathematics for the Physical Sciences

Introduction to and use of complex analysis and algebraic techniques to understand the solution of boundary value problems. Physics examples serve to introduce the fundamental partial differential equations and "special functions" of mathematical physics. A thorough analysis of Green's functions leads to a discussion of integral equations. Supplementary topics include dispersion relations and rational function approximation.

Chemistry

Chemistry is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the two-semester general chemistry course. The textbook provides an important opportunity for students to learn the core concepts of chemistry and understand how those concepts apply to their lives and the world around them. The book also includes a number of innovative features, including interactive exercises and real-world applications, designed to enhance student learning.

Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants

This book contains the proceedings of the International Symposium on the Mechanisms of Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants, where many plant and animal reproductive biologists gathered to discuss their recent progress in investigating the shared mechanisms and factors involved in sexual reproduction. This now is the first book that reviews recent progress in almost all fields of plant and animal fertilization. It was recently reported that the self-sterile mechanism of a hermaphroditic marine invertebrate (ascidian) is very similar to the self-incompatibility system in flowering plants. It was also found that a male factor expressed in the sperm cells of flowering plants is involved in gamete fusion not only of plants but also of animals and parasites. These discoveries have led to the consideration that the core mechanisms or factors involved in sexual reproduction may be shared by animals, plants and unicellular organisms. This valuable book is highly useful for reproductive biologists as well as for biological scientists outside this field in understanding the current progress of reproductive biology.

Relativity 2.0: The Eye of God: On Calculating Minimum Possible Speed and Time Dilation

Relativity 2.0: The Eye of God

On Calculating A Rest Frame With Minimum Possible Time Dilation

Erik Lee Giles

In describing Einstein's theory of relativity, physicist Henri Poincare said: "The principle of relativity, according to which the laws of physical phenomena should be the same, whether for an observer fixed, or for an observer carried along in a uniform movement of translation; so that we have not and could not have any means of discerning whether or not we are carried along in such a motion."

This book proves that this particular principle of relativity is untrue. It is possible to determine we are in a state of motion in absence of another object to compare with, we can also describe this motion mathematically. In doing so we can also calculate our speed and time dilation.

As the velocity of an object approaches the speed of light, its clock slows down as time dilation increases. A particle that moves at the speed of light experiences no time. This is the rest frame of minimum passage of time, or maximum possible time dilation.If maximum time dilation occurs at the speed of light, is there not also a minimum possible time dilation relative to any other rest frame? This rest frame is the one that any object experiences maximum passage of time, and any force applied to the object could not reduce it's speed, and it could only slow down its clock.

This book describes a method to measure and calculate such a rest frame, called Epsilon Gamma (The Eye of God). It describes how an object could be placed in this rest frame and how we could validate the object is in this frame. We also examine the properties of this rest frame as it relates to some laws of physics.

The concepts in this book could be thought of as 'Einstein's railway carriage on steroids.' The key to understanding this work is that we measure the velocity of the rest frame, relative to the objects within it, as opposed to other experiments where objects are measured relative to a defined rest frame.

This work explores ten postulates, including:

Postulate: Because light is not affected by the motion of the source, a discrete laser bolt will move directly away from its projector in a straight line in a gravity free, acceleration free vacuum. Therefore three laser bolts, propagated perpendicular to each other in three dimensions at the same moment, allow us to triangulate our location and distance relative to a completely motionless reference frame.

Postulate: If we know the distance to targets along the paths of these bolts, and measure the time of the origination relative to impact, and the times and locations of the impacts, we can calculate the net motion and vector of our own reference frame, relative to this motionless reference frame.

Postulate: Reversing the motion of the reference frame (lab) relative to the net motion as calculated in postulate two, allows us to place the reference frame of our lab into a state of absolute motionlessness.

Postulate: Because time dilation increases as speed increases, and decreases as speed decreases, an object placed in the state of motionlessness as described in postulate three, also experiences minimum time dilation. A clock in this reference frame will experience the least amount of time between ticks.

Postulate: Using the method and principles described, gravity and acceleration are distinguishable and measurably different, even in absence of another object to compare.

Postulate : Some laws of physics are not identical in the described reference frames.

The incredible shrinking chip

This 1hour free course explored how the microchip is made, the basic physics that make it work, and the future of this incredible technology.

Clinical Neurophysiology in Diagnostics

Clinical neurophysiology is a branch of medicine concerned with the measurement of the electrical activity of the central nervous system, peripheral nerves and muscles. The measurements of electrical activity are usually sensitive but, as far as the aetiology of the lesion is concerned, non-specific. The investigations are labour-intensive, and they are consultations by nature. Some of the investigations are uncomfortable for the patient. Neurophysiological investigations are therefore not suitable for screening purposes.

The life sciences industry: An introduction

This 6-hour free course explored the emergence of the life sciences sector and science, business and management strategies used in life sciences.

Blood Gas Analysis and Acid-base Balance

The blood specimen should be examined as soon as possible after sampling

Down's Syndrome

Health problems that are characteristic to Down syndrome (DS) should be identified early (particularly congenital heart anomalies, vision and hearing impairment, hypothyroidism and coeliac disease). The monitoring and treatment of DS is the responsibility of the primary health care. Support services for intellectual and developmental disabilities should only be involved when specialist expertise is needed, e.g. for rehabilitation purposes.

Gilbert's Syndrome

This common disorder presenting as asymptomatic jaundice should be identified and unnecessary examinations and referrals avoided.

Dental Traumas

An avulsed permanent tooth should be replanted if the tooth is intact and alveolar socket is uninjured. Even if replantation later fails, it improves the outcome of a later implantation and postpones the the need of prosthetic replacement of the tooth. An avulsed primary tooth should never be replanted so as not to damage the developing permanent tooth underneath.

A Statistics Compilation: A Wiley eBook Sampler

The 2013 Statistics Reading Sampler includes select material from seven Wiley Statistics titles:

An Accidental Statistician: The Life and Memories of George E. P. Box,Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition,The Art of Data Analysis: How to Answer Almost Any Question Using Basic Statistics,Multiple Imputation and its Application,Data Mining and Business Analytics with R,High-Dimensional Covariance Estimation: With High-Dimensional Data,Introduction to Logistics Systems Management, Second Edition.For each selection, you'll find the full Table of Contents as well as the first chapter. To read more from these books, you can purchase the full book or e-book at your favorite online retailer.

Qualité du matériel forestier de reproduction et application des directives communautaires (Actes de colloque)

What is the situation concerning the application of Community directives related to the genetic quality of forest trees? Researchers and administrators take a look at the impact of the evolution of knowledge on this subject.

The Devil's Garden

The Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education: Intellectual and attitudinal challenges

This book comprises the Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-12), which was held at COEX in Seoul, Korea, from July 8th to 15th, 2012. ICME-12 brought together 3500 experts from 92 countries, working to understand all of the intellectual and attitudinal challenges in the subject of mathematics education as a multidisciplinary research and practice. This work aims to serve as a platform for deeper, more sensitive and more collaborative involvement of all major contributors towards educational improvement and in research on the nature of teaching and learning in mathematics education. It introduces the major activities of ICME-12 which have successfully contributed to the sustainable development of mathematics education across the world. The program provides food for thought and inspiration for practice for everyone with an interest in mathematics education and makes an essential reference for teacher educators, curriculum developers and researchers in mathematics education. The work includes the texts of the four plenary lectures and three plenary panels and reports of three survey groups, five National presentations, the abstracts of fifty one Regular lectures, reports of thirty seven Topic Study Groups and seventeen Discussion Groups.

Report on Global Environmental Competitiveness (2013) (Current Chinese Economic Report Series)

This book explores the environmental competitiveness of 133 countries around the world, presenting an index evaluation system to facilitate a comparative analysis of environmental competitiveness on a global scale. This is a new way to measure competitiveness in the light of the contradiction between world economic development and environmental protection. Global environmental competitiveness covers five aspects: the ecological environment, resources environment, environmental management, environmental impacts and environmental coordination. The authors use longitudinal study and horizontal analysis, combining qualitative and quantitative analysis methods so as to conduct an in-depth study of theoretical, empirical and methodological issues of global environmental competitiveness. The work is presented here in three main parts beginning with the theory, technical road-map and analytical approach used. The second part reports on the countries as evaluation objects, analyzing the development status of global environmental competitiveness as a whole and revealing the strengths and weaknesses of each country's environmental competitiveness. Basic paths and strategies to enhance the competitiveness level are presented. In the third part the reader will discover a sub-report and evaluation of the environmental competitiveness for 133 countries around the world, revealing the characteristics and relative differences of countries representing different levels of development, in order to provide an important decision-making reference to those considering environmental economic policies, especially those considering accelerating a green economic transformation and enhancing environmental competitiveness. This book will appeal to scholars and professionals with an interest in environmental issues and environmental competitiveness at a global level, as well as those with an interest in each of the 133 countries analyzed in this text, including environmental policy makers in

Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning: A Case Study of Punjab, India (SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science)

This book discusses the important issue of the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of agricultural residue burning, common in agricultural practices in many parts of the world. In particular, it focuses on the pollution caused by rice residue burning using primary survey data from Punjab, India. It discusses emerging solutions to agricultural waste burning that are cost-effective in terms of both money and time. The burning of agricultural residue causes severe pollution in land, water and air and contributes to increased ozone levels and climate change in the long term. However, appropriate assessments have not been undertaken so far to demonstrate the relevant impact of agriculture-based pollution, especially residue burning. This book addresses this gap in the literature. Punjab has been used as a case study as it is the chief granary of India, contributing to 27.2 percent of the Indian national produce of rice and 43.8 percent of wheat. It is presumed that the findings from this state will be useful not only for other agricultural areas in India, but across the world. This book, therefore, sensitizes policy makers, researchers and students about the impacts of air pollution caused by agricultural residue burning---a subject not much dealt in the literature---and provides a way forward.

Mutation Breeding in Chickpea:: Perspectives and Prospects for Food Security

Research on induced mutagenesis of pulses including chickpea is less common compared to the one on cereals and henceforth the present work is pioneering in the field. The chickpea is one of the largest grown pulse crops in India. The author hopes that his book will help to advance studies on pulses, and in the long-term, to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition persisting in various developing countries.