Scientific, Technical & Medical Books

Anatomy & Physiology

Microbiology

How Not To Die Sampler: One of Dr Greger's Daily Dozen

In this sampler from the bestselling How Not To Die, we are offered an introduction and the first chapter, Beans, from Dr Michael Greger's Daily Dozen - the twelve foods we need to eat everyday to stave off disease and live healthier, longer lives.

In the complete book How Not To Die, Dr Greger gives effective, scientifically-proven nutritional advice to prevent our biggest killers - heart disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes - and reveals the astounding health benefits that simple dietary choices can provide. The second half of the book is dedicated to Dr Greger's Daily Dozen, the twelve foods we need to eat everyday to stay well.

Based on the very latest scientific research, How Not To Die reveals what, how and why different foods affect us and how increasing our consumption of certain foods and avoiding others can dramatically reduce our risk of falling sick and even reverse the effects of disease.

Dryness of the Mouth

Dry mouth may be caused by a systemic disease or by medication. The development of dental caries and mucosal infections caused by reduced salivary flow rate is prevented by providing up-to-date treatment and information.

Prevention of Bacterial Endocarditis

Maintenance of good oral hygiene is much more important in preventing infective endocarditis of dental origin than giving antimicrobial prophylaxis.

Swelling of the Salivary Glands

Antibiotic treatment is necessary if the swelling of the salivary gland is associated with purulent discharge at the orifice of the gland duct or there are other signs of bacterial infection. Unilateral swelling of the submandibular gland is usually due to sialolithiasis. Bilateral swelling with few symptoms may be caused by sialadenosis, which is associated with systemic illnesses, or by SjOgren's syndrome. If unilateral swelling develops gradually, the possibility of a tumour should be considered, particularly in patients over 50 years of age. Do not take a biopsy but refer the patient to a specialist.

Discovering management

This free course, Discovering management, introduces you to the role of the manager, it covers management activities looking at leadership, human resources, finance, project management, change management, operations management and stakeholder management.

Down's Syndrome

Health problems that are characteristic to Down syndrome (DS) should be identified early (particularly congenital heart anomalies, vision and hearing impairment, hypothyroidism and coeliac disease). The monitoring and treatment of DS is the responsibility of the primary health care. Support services for intellectual and developmental disabilities should only be involved when specialist expertise is needed, e.g. for rehabilitation purposes.

Human resources: recruitment and selection

Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.

Understanding operations management

Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.

Dental Traumas

An avulsed permanent tooth should be replanted if the tooth is intact and alveolar socket is uninjured. Even if replantation later fails, it improves the outcome of a later implantation and postpones the the need of prosthetic replacement of the tooth. An avulsed primary tooth should never be replanted so as not to damage the developing permanent tooth underneath.

The Real Year 2 OSCE Book

Perhaps the most thorough literature available for Year 2 OSCEs, this book chronicles all major stations and the detailed approaches of how to tackle them. Be it how to take on a difficult conversation, how to reach a tricky diagnosis, or even simply, how to impress your examiner, this book is the perfect companion for your OSCE practice.

Layered within are examples of real OSCE scenarios, common pitfalls and how to avoid them. The chapters illustrate to great effect how to perfect your clinical and communication skills from passable to exemplary. This book is written as an unofficial guide for the KCL Year 2 OSCEs.

Designed to act as an aid and go-to for the KCL second year medical student in preparation for the upcoming OSCE exams, this book is filled with tips and hints from the authors' own experiences. The aim is to help you get those crucial extra points that are often not taught but could mean the difference between failing and passing a station.

Clinical Neurophysiology in Diagnostics

Clinical neurophysiology is a branch of medicine concerned with the measurement of the electrical activity of the central nervous system, peripheral nerves and muscles. The measurements of electrical activity are usually sensitive but, as far as the aetiology of the lesion is concerned, non-specific. The investigations are labour-intensive, and they are consultations by nature. Some of the investigations are uncomfortable for the patient. Neurophysiological investigations are therefore not suitable for screening purposes.

Introduction to bookkeeping and accounting

Learn about the essential numerical skills required for accounting and bookkeeping. This free course, Introduction to bookkeeping and accounting, explains the fundamental rules of double-entry bookkeeping and how they are used to produce the balance sheet and the profit and loss account.

Dental Caries and Other Diseases of the Hard Tissues of the Teeth and Dental Pulp

Caries is a disease of the hard dental tissues. It has a high prevalence; it concerns almost everyone in industrialized countries. In countries with systematically organized dental care of children and adolescents, the prevalence of caries in younger generations has significantly decreased whereas the prevalence in older population has increased. The first stage of carious attack is the formation of dental plaque on certain surfaces of the tooth. The micro-organisms of normal oral microbial flora accumulate on the pellicle (formed from saliva) on tooth surfaces, and the formation of dental plaque starts.

Blood Gas Analysis and Acid-base Balance

The blood specimen should be examined as soon as possible after sampling

Writing what you know

Do you want to improve your descriptive writing? This free course, Writing what you know, will help you to develop your perception of the world about you and enable you to see the familiar things in everyday life in a new light. You will also learn how authors use their own personal histories to form the basis of their work.

Beginners’ Spanish: food and drink

Do you want to improve your language skills and communicate more easily and effectively in Spanish? This free course, Beginners' Spanish: food and drink, focuses on buying and ordering food and drink at a restaurant or bar. You will be able to use some basic vocabulary relating to food, drinks, meals, quantities and measures. In this OpenLearn course you will listen to Spanish speakers in a variety of situations.

English grammar in context

What are the differences between spoken and written English? Is use of grammar more or less complex than it appears? This free course, English grammar in context, looks at the way grammar can be used as a tool for adapting our communications (both written and spoken). This free OpenLearn course will help you to see how language is intertwined with both describing a view of the world and interacting with others in that world.

Rundblick: beginners’ German

Do you want to learn the basics of the German language? This free course, Rundblick: beginners' German, will take you on a journey through German-speaking countries. You will read and hear about a range of places and people. This OpenLearn course will give you the opportunity to develop language skills which will help you to cope in a range of situations.

Asthma: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways. Persons susceptible to asthma get symptoms associated with the inflammation. The symptoms usually include an airway constriction of variable degree, which is relieved spontaneously or with treatment. Common symptoms include dyspnoea, wheezing and prolonged cough. The inflammation increases the sensitivity of the airways to many irritants. Auscultation of the lungs, spirometry, bronchodilatation test, peak expiratory flow (PEF) monitoring and chest x-ray are the basic examinations. Other examinations may be performed in uncertain cases or when a more exact classification of the disease is pursued.

Genetic Counselling

Every doctor will need at some stage to answer questions relating to the hereditary nature of diseases and discuss relevant issues with the patient. A patient should be referred to a genetics specialist when hereditary issues require further investigation, for example when a condition occurring in family members or relatives is suspected to be genetic and the diagnosis is not clear a genetic condition, often very rare, has been diagnosed in the family about which it proves difficult to find further information. The role of a genetics specialist (medical geneticist) is purely an advisory one and he/she will not take part in decisions relating to, for example, family planning, prenatal diagnosis, carrier testing or predictive testing. The patient's treating doctor may provide genetic counselling about more common diseases, such as diabetes asthma and other allergies dyslipidaemias cancer when no suggestive evidence exists for its hereditary nature (breast cancer , colorectal cancer ) mental health problems.

Malocclusions of the Teeth

Malocclusions are in part hereditary but environmental factors, including factors related to breathing and facial trauma, may play a significant part in the development of the condition. Certain types of malocclusion may predispose the patient to jaw and facial pain.

The life sciences industry: An introduction

This 6-hour free course explored the emergence of the life sciences sector and science, business and management strategies used in life sciences.

Gilbert's Syndrome

This common disorder presenting as asymptomatic jaundice should be identified and unnecessary examinations and referrals avoided.

Dislocation of the Temporomandibular Joint

Dislocation may occur almost spontaneously in some persons or in association with e.g. trauma, yawning, dental examination etc. The dislocation is usually unilateral but may be bilateral. After an acute dislocation the condition easily becomes recurrent. Reposition is usually easy if the mandible is intact. If the mandible is dislocated backwards the patient has a condylar fracture. In such case, consult an oral and maxillofacial surgeon directly.

Clinical Examination of a Child with Arthritic Symptoms

Arthritis presents as joint swelling, limitation of motion, or both, and it is associated with tenderness on movement or increased warmth of the jointin case of a bacterial infection often also redness and pain of the joint as well as general symptoms like fever pain. In aseptic arthritis, pain is rarely a prominent symptom, whereas stiffness after rest is a typical sign. Pain after exercise is more common in non-inflammatory joint affection. If the history suggests arthritis but there are no clinical findings the child should be re-examined when the symptoms recur.

A Community of Mortals

What is it like to have someone die in your arms? Can we return from the dead? And why has nobody heard of therapeutic hypothermia?

Forced to come to terms with doctors pronouncing her husband 'clinically dead', Alexandra Zelman-Doring embarks on an exploration of what death means to us and how we might face it. Initally she is overwhelmed by the difficulty of accepting the loss of a loved one, and the anger, sadness and sense of isolation that it brings. But her suffering pushes her towards a life-store of reading, and here she finds words with which to contemplate death; from Turgenev on death as an 'unanswerable reproach' to Norbert Elias on the extraordinary collective will to endure it.

Equally inspiring are the true stories of unlikely survivors: from a species of frog whose organs stop, frozen, throughout the winter, only to stir back to life in the spring, to Anna Bagenholm whose iced brain and body held out against all odds after a fatal accident. These incidents inform a development in medical science where cardiac arrest is treated with 'therapeutic hypothermia', in some cases allowing the body to last without oxygen just long enough for doctors to return the near-dead to life.

Qualité du matériel forestier de reproduction et application des directives communautaires (Actes de colloque)

What is the situation concerning the application of Community directives related to the genetic quality of forest trees? Researchers and administrators take a look at the impact of the evolution of knowledge on this subject.

Mutation Breeding in Chickpea:: Perspectives and Prospects for Food Security

Research on induced mutagenesis of pulses including chickpea is less common compared to the one on cereals and henceforth the present work is pioneering in the field. The chickpea is one of the largest grown pulse crops in India. The author hopes that his book will help to advance studies on pulses, and in the long-term, to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition persisting in various developing countries.