Science & Nature Environment & Ecology Books

Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (Springer Earth System Sciences)

The oceans and atmosphere interact in a myriad of ways including the exchange of energy including heat, chemicals and biological organisms across the interface between the two media. In this book the leading experts in this field internationally provide a state of the art account of these exchanges particularly concentrating on the exchange of chemicals. They examine how gases and particles formed in the oceans affect the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere when they move from ocean to atmosphere. They also demonstrate how material deposited into the oceans from the atmosphere affects the biogeochemistry of the oceans. The mechanisms by which these exchanges occur is critically presented. One chapter is devoted to the role of oceans in the uptake of natural and manmade C02 examining the ocean as a source of greenhouse gases CH4 and N20 to the atmosphere. The final chapter shows the role that atmosphere-ocean interactions play in earth systems science.

A Smart Kids Guide To WILDFIRES AND VOLCANOES: A World Of Learning At Your Fingertips

Bestselling children's author Liam Saxon is proud to presents TWO BOOKS IN ONE! Introducing "A Smart Kids Guide To WILDFIRES AND VOLCANOES." DOUBLE the fun, and DOUBLE the learning! This book uses captivating images and expertly written words to teach children about "WILDFIRES AND VOLCANOES" Perfect reading for any occasion and especially ideal for bed times, long journeys or for bonding with your child. Fun Filled Learning for Your Child (and you!) Every one of our books is lovingly researched, illustrated and put together to outstand, awe and inspire the reader. Our beautiful images help explain and enlighten each well-written fact. This book covers a range of exciting topics including: * INTRODUCTION - WHAT ARE WILDFIRES? * WHAT DEFINES A FIRE? * WHAT WILL START A WILDFIRE? * WHAT IS A PRESCRIBED WILDFIRE? * WHAT ARE SOME OTHER REASONS PRESCRIBED WILDFIRES MAY BE DESIRABLE? then * INTRODUCTION - WHAT IS A VOLCANO? * HOW ARE VOLCANOES FORMED? * WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT VOLCANO STAGES? * TELL ME A LITTLE BIT MORE ABOUT ERUPTIONS * WHY DO VOLCANOES ERUPT? PLUS - SO MUCH MORE!! We loved compiling this book and even learned a few things along the way and hopefully you will too. Get this book at this SPECIAL PRICE exclusive to the Amazon Store. *** Your child will love it - this is guaranteed.***

Ranaviruses: Lethal Pathogens of Ectothermic Vertebrates

This is the first book on ranaviruses. Ranaviruses are double-stranded DNA viruses that cause hemorrhagic disease in amphibians, reptiles, and fish. They have caused mass die-offs of ectothermic vertebrates in wild and captive populations around the globe. There is evidence that this pathogen is emerging and responsible for population declines in certain locations. Considering that amphibians and freshwater turtles are suitable hosts and the most imperiled vertebrate taxa in the world, ranaviruses can have significant impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem function. Additionally, many fish that are raised in aquaculture facilities and traded internationally are suitable hosts; thus, the potential economic impact of ranaviruses is significant. Ranaviruses also serve as a model for replication and gene function of large double-stranded DNA viruses. There is an urgent need to assemble the contemporary information on ranaviruses and provide guidance on how to assess their threats in populations. Through the Global Ranavirus Consortium, 24 experts from six countries were organize to write this volume, the first book on ranaviruses. The book begins with a discussion on the global extent of ranaviruses, case histories of infection and disease in ectothermic vertebrates, and current phylogeny. Basic principles of ranavirus ecology and evolution are covered next, with a focus on host-pathogen interactions and how the virus emerges in its environment. There are two chapters that will discuss the molecular biology of ranaviruses, host response to infection, and the genes responsible for immune system evasion. One chapter establishes standards for testing for infection and diagnosing ranaviral disease. The book ends by providing guidance on how to design ranavirus surveillance studies and analyze data to determine risk, and discussing the role of the Global Ranavirus Consortium in organizing research and outreach activities.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia (Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being)

This book looks at the major policy challenges facing developing Asia and how the region sustains rapid economic growth to reduce multidimensional poverty through socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable measures. Asia is facing many challenges arising from population growth, rapid urbanization, provision of services, climate change and the need to redress declining growth after the global financial crisis. This book examines poverty and related issues and aims to advance the development of new tools and measurement of multidimensional poverty and poverty reduction policy analysis. The book covers a wide range of issues, including determinants and causes of poverty and its changes; consequences and impacts of poverty on human capital formation, growth and consumption; assessment of poverty strategies and policies; the role of government, NGOs and other institutions in poverty reduction; rural-urban migration and poverty; vulnerability to poverty; breakdown of poverty into chronic and transitory components; and a comparative study on poverty issues in Asia and other regions. The book will appeal to all those interested in economic development, resources, policies and economic welfare and growth.

Nils Petter Gleditsch: Pioneer in the Analysis of War and Peace (SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice)

This book presents Nils Petter Gleditsch, a staff member of the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) since 1964, a former editor of the Journal for Peace Research (1983-2010), a former president of the International Studies Association (2008-2009) and the recipient of several academic awards as a pioneer in the scientific analysis of war and peace. This unique anthology covers major themes in his distinguished career as a peace researcher. An autobiographical, critical retrospective puts his work on conflict and peace into a broader context, while a comprehensive bibliography documents his publications over a period of nearly 50 years. Part II documents his wide-ranging contributions on globalization, democratization and liberal peace, on international espionage, environmental security, climate change and conflict and on the decline of war and more generally of violence as a tool in conflict.

Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology

This book takes a new approach on understanding causes of extreme poverty and promising actions to address it. Its focus is on marginality being a root cause of poverty and deprivation. "Marginality" is the position of people on the edge, preventing their access to resources, freedom of choices, and the development of capabilities. The book is research based with original empirical analyses at local, national, and local scales; book contributors are leaders in their fields and have backgrounds in different disciplines. An important message of the book is that economic and ecological approaches and institutional innovations need to be integrated to overcome marginality. The book will be a valuable source for development scholars and students, actors that design public policies, and for social innovators in the private sector and non-governmental organizations.

Ester Boserup's Legacy on Sustainability: Orientations for Contemporary Research (Human-Environment Interactions)

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability.

Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales.Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds

This book presents the results from the Japanese Fisheries Research Agency's 3-year intensive monitoring of radionuclides in a variety of fish, plankton, benthos, and their living environments after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in March 2011. The book reveals the dynamics of contamination processes in marine and freshwater fish, mediated by the contamination of water, sediments, and food organisms; it also clarifies the mechanisms by which large variations in the level of contamination occurs among individual fish. Most importantly, the book includes a large amount of original measurement data collected in situ and for the first time assesses diffusion of radiocesium across the Pacific using both in situ data and a numerical simulation model. Also introduced are several new approaches to evaluate the impact of the release of radionuclides, including the measurement of radiation emission from an otolith section to identify the main period of contamination in fish. The FNPP accident represents a rare instance where the environmental radioactivity level was elevated steeply through atmospheric fallout and direct discharge of radioactive water into the sea over a short period of time. Replete with precise scientific data, this book will serve as an important resource for research in fields such as fishery science, oceanography, ecology, and environmentology, and also as a solid basis for protecting fisheries from damage resulting from harmful rumors among the general public.

The Creation: In The Beginning (The Creation Series Book 0)

In the jungles of the Venezuelan rain forest, a frightening power is stirring; an event beginning that only occurred once in the history of the Earth. During its process of Creation. And it will take more than tenacity and ingenuity to survive the coming seven days.



The Creation is about to begin anew, and what mankind will discover is that in order to Create, one must first Destroy.



In The Beginning is a thrilling novella-length chapter which begins The Creation Series. A dark supernatural thriller with a blend of sci-fi, fantasy, and horror, The Creation is a genre-bending series filled with flawed yet unforgettable characters.



**This chapter is also included in the first novel of The Creation Series, titled The Creation: Axis Mundi For two additional free ebooks, including the highly acclaimed dark literary story, "The Lines", visit Behrg's website at: thebehrg.com **

Locavore U.S.A.: How a local-food economy is changing one community, a chapter from the book Change Comes to Dinner

In 1950, at least 70 percent of Montana's food was grown in Montana. Many states used to have robust local-food economies, but that has changed drastically around the country in recent decades. National-scale food businesses beat out community-oriented small and medium-sized operations, laying waste to the infrastructure that once supported thriving local-food economies.

There is rising interest in again making food a local affair. But jump-starting a locavore economy is a tricky business. To cut down the massive distances that the vast majority of food eaten in the United States travels before it reaches dinner plates, communities must work to nurture "a cascading effect" by which each piece of a local-food economy enables and then reinforces the others to create a robust, cost-effective network.

Locavore U.S.A. introduces readers to some brave, hard-working souls in western Montana who are building their own such network piece by piece. In the process they are uncovering a key way to transform our industrially dominated food system.

The following ebook is taken from the book Change Comes to Dinner.



Climatic and Environmental Challenges: Learning from the Horn of Africa (Corne de l'Afrique contemporaine)

In the prospect of the COP21 held in Paris in December 2015, the French Centre for Ethiopian Studies (CFEE) organised a scientific conference on environmental and climatic changes in the horn of Africa, with a decisive financial support of the Institut francais (Fonds d'Alembert), Paris. The conference was part of a larger event, called "the Road to Paris" and organised by the French Embassy to Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre and Network (HoA-REC&N), Addis Ababa University, in HoA-REC&N headquarters at Gullele Botanic Gardens, Addis Ababa, from 7 to 9 April 2015. In this event, our first purpose was to set aside from the pressure of short-term and policy-oriented concerns raised by the international bureaucracies and bilateral donors, as to try to explore diverse, cross-disciplinary dimensions related to environmental change in the region in a wider way, wider in time and also wider in the elements observed. In a way, the Road to Paris event has also showed, with the various stakeholders and speakers it has gathered, that the issue of climate change has "solidified" automatic discourses, supporting wishful intentions and thinking, and clearly embedded in the building of professional opportunities and international careers. These discourses, indeed, are everything but close to the reality observed on the ground. In this new, competitive, social field, priority may not be easily given to scientific exploration that is not directly policy-oriented and that requires a longer time to produce strong data than what the political and bureaucratic agendas allow. One could not state, though, that interest for science is totally absent in these arenas on climate change. But, invariably, public expectations appear to be much too high in scope and in time, compared to what intellectual curiosity and scientific processes and protocols can produce on a day-to-day basis. Improving awareness on environmental changes should start here: to give a better understanding on the complexity and multiplicity of factors involved in the relation between human evolution, societal choices and developments, and natural environments. The French Centre for Ethiopian Studies (CFEE) in Addis Ababa was quite well equipped to initiate, with its partners, such a cross-disciplinary exploration.

Forests at Risk: Climate Change and the Future of the American West

Climate change poses a huge threat to the West. The current mountain pine beetle epidemic with over 50 million acres of dying trees in western North America has created a powerful "teachable moment" across the region.

A primary goal of the Forests At Risk symposium was to reframe the nation's climate change dialogue by making the issue both personal and real to many who may not appreciate its connection to the immediate world around them. While some may have difficulty relating to rising sea levels, falling water tables, imperiled polar bears and melting glaciers in far-off places, they are still shocked by the sight of vast dying forests around their homes. The Forests At Risk symposium explored the statement by Andy Jacobson, a carbon cycle scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Boulder, that "this is the kind of feedback we're all very worried about in the carbon cycle ... a warming planet leading to, in this case, an insect outbreak that increases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which can increase warming."

The overwhelming scientific consensus holds that climate change is one of the most serious threats facing humankind today. We have a soberingly short time in which to reduce atmospheric greenhouse gases if we are to preserve our quality of life and environment. In addition to the global urgency, the American West is deeply dependent on the health of its forests, mountains and streams for both its quality of life and its economy. Put simply, if global warming shortens our winters, diminishes our recreation, and unleashes wildfires, diseases and insect epidemics that devastate our forests, the regional damage would be incalculable.

NOW is the perfect time to learn more in this ebook. The Forests At Risk symposium represented the first substantial public forum focused directly on the connection between climate change and forest health in the American West. In the wake of millions of acres of pine beetle devastation across our continent, this is the ideal moment to highlight the climate change connection and focus on the question of what happens when our forests transform from carbon sinks into carbon sources.

Shopping for Water: How the Market Can Mitigate Water Shortages in the American West

The American West has a long tradition of conflict over water. But after fifteen years of drought across the region, it is no longer simply conflict: it is crisis. In the face of unprecedented declines in reservoir storage and groundwater reserves throughout the West, Shopping for Water focuses on a set of policies that could contribute to a lasting solution: using market forces to facilitate the movemof water resources and to mitigate the risk of water shortages.

Shopping for Water begins by reviewing key dimensions of this problem: the challenges of population and economic growth, the environmental stresses from overuse of common water resources, the risk of increasing water-supply volatility, and the historical disjunction that has developed between and among rural and urban water users regarding the amount we consume and the price we pay for water. The authors then turn to five proposals to encourage the broader establishmand use of market institutions to encourage reallocation of water resources and to provide new tools for risk mitigation. Each of the five proposals offers a means of building resilience into our water managemsystems.

The Carbon Control Knob (National Climate Seminar Book 4)

On November 2, 2011, Richard Alley participated in The National Climate Seminar, a series of webinars sponsored by Bard College's Center for Environmental Policy. The online seminars provide a forum for leading scientists, writers, and other experts to talk about critical issues regarding climate change. The series also opens a public conversation, inviting participants to ask questions and contribute their own thoughts.

Dr. Alley conducts research on the paleoclimatic record at The Pennsylvania State University in order to understand the history, and perhaps the future, of climate change. In his lecture, Alley gave a concise overview of why we know what we know about climate change, and what that evidence can tell us about today's warming planet. Alley not only provides an accessible science lesson, but reveals his own greatest concerns about climate change and offers advice to those who want to stop debating the subtleties of climate science and act now.

This E-ssential is an edited version of Alley's talk and the subseququestion and answer session. While some material has been cut and some language modified for clarity, the intention was to retain the substance of the original discussion.

Cats (50 images)

Only CATS and their BEAUTY.

Photo album of 50 images.

(C) JMP

A Smart Kids Guide To WONDERS AND AVALANCHES: A World Of Learning At Your Fingertips

Bestselling children's author Liam Saxon is proud to presents TWO BOOKS IN ONE! Introducing "A Smart Kids Guide To WONDERS AND AVALANCHES." DOUBLE the fun, and DOUBLE the learning! This book uses captivating images and expertly written words to teach children about "WONDERS AND AVALANCHES" Perfect reading for any occasion and especially ideal for bed times, long journeys or for bonding with your child. Fun Filled Learning for Your Child (and you!) Every one of our books is lovingly researched, illustrated and put together to outstand, awe and inspire the reader. Our beautiful images help explain and enlighten each well-written fact. This book covers a range of exciting topics including: * INTRODUCTION - WHAT ARE THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD? * TELL ME ABOUT THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA * TELL ME ABOUT THE COLOSSUS OF RHODES * TELL ME ABOUT THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA * TELL ME ABOUT THE MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS then * INTRODUCTION - WHAT IS AN AVALANCHE? * CAN AVALANCHES ONLY HAPPEN WITH ICE AND SNOW? * WHAT IS EROSION? * WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF AVALANCHES? * WHAT ARE POWDER AVALANCHES? PLUS - SO MUCH MORE!! We loved compiling this book and even learned a few things along the way and hopefully you will too. Get this book at this SPECIAL PRICE exclusive to the Amazon Store. *** Your child will love it - this is guaranteed.***

The Hurricane Preparedness Handbook

Don't wait until it's too late. Prepare now! We've all seen the ruin that a hurricane can bring. No one can stop a hurricane, but proper preparation can limit damage, protect long-term finances, and even save lives. The Hurricane Preparedness Handbook is an invaluable, step-by-step guide for everyone who lives in a region threatened by these terrifying storms. Here is advice on: Understanding the category warning system Buying the right insurance Protecting your home from an oncoming storm Choosing and using an electrical generator Proper provisioning and use of food and water Dealing with a storm's aftermath And much more! There is no substitute for experience and expert advice, and this easy-to-store, easy-to-use handbook offers everyone a chance to learn from the past and prepare for the future. No one should go through a hurricane without first reading this book.

Wetlands and Water Framework Directive: Protection, Management and Climate Change (GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences)

This book compares the lessons learned from a wetland-perspective approach to the changing climate and the requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) with regard to environmental conservation. Examples from Germany and Poland are discussed due to the efficiency of their respective implementations of water conservation policies. Although the general scientific interest in specific issues such as wetlands, climate change, nature conservation and the WFD enjoy a well established position in international environmental research, these four elements are rarely considered together due to the complexity of the processes, biased scenarios of global change and subjective policy background. Major challenges involved in carrying out environmental conservation actions that assess the potential impacts of climate change and management plans on water bodies are identified. The results of this approach are addressed to practitioners in the field of adaptive management in a wetlands context.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 2 (Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering)

This book collects 4 keynote and 15 theme lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC). The book's nineteen state-of-the-art chapters were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies, and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the First Professor Inge Lehmann Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Shamita Das in honor of Prof. Dr. Inge Lehmann. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe's most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge conten t and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields. Audience: This book is of interest to civil engineers in the fields of geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering; scientists and researchers in the fields of seismology, geology and geophysics. Not only scientists, engineers and students, but also those interested in earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation will find in this book the most recent advances.

Society - Water - Technology: A Critical Appraisal of Major Water Engineering Projects (Water Resources Development and Management)

This book presents the results of the Interdisciplinary Research Group "Society - Water - Technology" of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. It describes interdisciplinary evaluation criteria for major water engineering projects (MWEPs) and portrays an application to the Lower Jordan Valley (Middle East) and the Fergana Valley (Central Asia). Both areas are characterised by transboundary conflicts, by challenges due to demographic and climate change and by political and societal pressures. Based on the findings, the book provides recommendations for science and political decisions makers as well as for international financing institutions. In addition, it outlines research gaps from an interdisciplinary perspective. In the past, MWEPs have been used as an instrument to cope with the demands of growing populations and to enhance development progress. Experiences with MWEPs have shown that a purely technical approach has not always brought about the desired results. In many cases, MWEPs have even resulted in negative implications for society and environment. Therefore, improved management strategies and enhanced technologies for a sustainable water resource management system are a prerequisite to meet present and future challenges. And, moreover, the continuous evaluation and optimisation of these measures is, likewise, a must.

Report on Global Environmental Competitiveness (2013) (Current Chinese Economic Report Series)

This book explores the environmental competitiveness of 133 countries around the world, presenting an index evaluation system to facilitate a comparative analysis of environmental competitiveness on a global scale. This is a new way to measure competitiveness in the light of the contradiction between world economic development and environmental protection. Global environmental competitiveness covers five aspects: the ecological environment, resources environment, environmental management, environmental impacts and environmental coordination. The authors use longitudinal study and horizontal analysis, combining qualitative and quantitative analysis methods so as to conduct an in-depth study of theoretical, empirical and methodological issues of global environmental competitiveness. The work is presented here in three main parts beginning with the theory, technical road-map and analytical approach used. The second part reports on the countries as evaluation objects, analyzing the development status of global environmental competitiveness as a whole and revealing the strengths and weaknesses of each country's environmental competitiveness. Basic paths and strategies to enhance the competitiveness level are presented. In the third part the reader will discover a sub-report and evaluation of the environmental competitiveness for 133 countries around the world, revealing the characteristics and relative differences of countries representing different levels of development, in order to provide an important decision-making reference to those considering environmental economic policies, especially those considering accelerating a green economic transformation and enhancing environmental competitiveness. This book will appeal to scholars and professionals with an interest in environmental issues and environmental competitiveness at a global level, as well as those with an interest in each of the 133 countries analyzed in this text, including environmental policy makers in

Environmental Leadership Capacity Building in Higher Education: Experience and Lessons from Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders

The Graduate Program in Sustainability Science under the Department of Urban Engineering of The University of Tokyo has been running an environmental leadership education program at the graduate student level since 2007 called the Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders (APIEL). This book describes the University's experiences in establishing and organizing that program and provides some lessons learned for those who are considering starting environmental leadership education programs. APIEL's curriculum includes the classroom topic "Environmental Challenges and Leadership in Asia." As well, the APIEL program has field units to provide experience in problem solving, decision making, and participation, taking into consideration ecological, political, economic, social, aesthetic, and ethical aspects. Another characteristic feature of the program is that it promotes changes in attitudes and behavior that will help to solve existing environmental problems and to avoid a generation of new ones. Over the four years of study, efforts have been made to bond leadership with field-oriented exercises such as: 1) The Intensive Program on Sustainability; 2) an integral approach focused on sustainable integrated watershed management of arid regions; 3) sustainable development of programs in Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand for qualifying students with problem-solving processes to combat issues such as flooding, lack of proper urban environmental infrastructure, and health risks; and 4) the Greater Pearl River Delta program with multicultural diversity to bring about sustainable urban development for a green city. All of those are described in the book. Last but not least, APIEL's resonance throughout international networks and alumni are introduced.

Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks

We are not free from environmental risks that accompany the development of human societies. Modern economic development has accelerated environmental pollution, caused loss of natural habitats, and modified landscapes. These environmental changes have impacted natural systems: water and heat circulation, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. These changes in natural systems degrade ecosystem services and subsequently increase environmental risks for humans. Environmental risks, therefore, are not only human health risks by pollution, climatic anomalies and natural disasters, but also degradation of ecosystem services on which most people are relying for their lives. We cannot entirely eliminate the risks, because it is not possible to attain zero impact on the environment, but we need to find a mechanism that minimizes environmental risks for human sustainably. This is the idea of the interdisciplinary framework of "environmental risk management" theory, which advocates harmony between economic development and environmental conservation. Based on this theory, the Sustainable Living with Environmental Risk (SLER) programme, adopted by the Japanese Ministry of Education (MEXT) as one of its strategic programmes, has been training graduate students at the Yokohama National University, Japan, from 2009 to 2013 to become future environmental leaders who will take the initiative in reducing the level of environmental risks and in protecting natural resources in the developing nations of Asia and Africa. This book provides students and teachers of this new academic field with a comprehensive coverage of case studies of environmental risks and their practical management technologies not only in Japan but also in developing nations in Asia and Africa.

Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning: A Case Study of Punjab, India (SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science)

This book discusses the important issue of the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of agricultural residue burning, common in agricultural practices in many parts of the world. In particular, it focuses on the pollution caused by rice residue burning using primary survey data from Punjab, India. It discusses emerging solutions to agricultural waste burning that are cost-effective in terms of both money and time. The burning of agricultural residue causes severe pollution in land, water and air and contributes to increased ozone levels and climate change in the long term. However, appropriate assessments have not been undertaken so far to demonstrate the relevant impact of agriculture-based pollution, especially residue burning. This book addresses this gap in the literature. Punjab has been used as a case study as it is the chief granary of India, contributing to 27.2 percent of the Indian national produce of rice and 43.8 percent of wheat. It is presumed that the findings from this state will be useful not only for other agricultural areas in India, but across the world. This book, therefore, sensitizes policy makers, researchers and students about the impacts of air pollution caused by agricultural residue burning---a subject not much dealt in the literature---and provides a way forward.

West Coast Radiation Warning: Coastal beaches are humming with radioactive dangers

West Coast Radiation Warning, by Dave Masko. Since the March 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami, "Almost every single day 300 tons of radioactive water from the Fukushima nuclear power plant enters the Pacific Ocean; while then arriving along North America's West Coast beaches," state experts at America's Nuclear Emergency Tracking Center. Today, West Coast radiation has "frequencies" plucking the nerves of beach goers in a very real and frightening way. This collection of "new journalism" essays reveals today's inconvenient truth about Japan's nuke fallout reaching West Coast beaches. This e-book also traces the radiation origins back to March 11, 2011, when a massive 9.01 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Japan sent tsunami waves across the Pacific Ocean unleashing a savage amount of subsequent radiation contained in radioactive water from the leaking Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant which suffered a level 7 nuclear meltdown after the tsunami. Christmas 2016 still finds tsunami debris washing up on West Coast beaches. "There seems to be this mysterious something up and down the beach," explained a central Oregon coast resident after walking this spit of seaside now with something the resident deciphers as "hovering pinkish haze that burns your eyes." The resident is a "loud" when it comes to this clear and present environmental disaster that has spread up and down West Coast North American beaches; while this "radiation is just now being felt at the end of 2016," adds the resident with a deep sense of chagrin about the environment going to hell in a handbasket and nobody seems to care? Thankfully, the radiation "mush" that is washing up on West Coast beaches "dissolves quickly," while then leaving the tell-tale odor and fear that is dismantling any real pleasure in walking local beaches. This queasy, querulous search for answers about this "radiation nightmare is immediately apparent when taking a deep breath of what was fresh smelling seaside air," explains local fisherman Joseph "Joey" Ciolle. "We should have been given some guidance from government officials other than the "radiation levels are safe... I say safe for the fish, safe for other marine life, safe for people?" And yet Ciolle and others who depend on the Pacific Ocean for its "living water" are left wanting and wondering "if we got the whole environmental-thing terribly wrong from the get-go?"

Climate Change Crabby: Hurricane “End Times” Predicted: Trump Administration Denies Global Warming as “Hoax,” while Millions Suffer Flooding

Climate Change Crabby: Hurricane "End Times" Predicted, by Dave Masko. Here in Oregon you see healthy, thriving natural environments because people care. They care about a health and stable environment because they are in a steady and constant environmental protection mode. That's the essence of the "Impeach Donald Trump" movement for those who love and care for planet Earth. There is also a view that climate change is "crabby." This may not sound scientific but locals here along America's West Coast know "climate change" because "we feel it, smell it, fear it and want a new president who will help fight it," says University of Oregon senior Cho Martin and other concerned citizenry who think Donald Trump denying climate change is "criminal because Trump calling global warming a 'hoax' is going against established knowledge from people 'living it' such as recent victims of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. Martin, 22, is studying environment science and hopes to join Green Peace this summer after graduation. This green young man's thesis or argument for this special "new journalism" report and essays is "Donald Trump does not have the expertise to be president of 'all' the United States, and thus Trump puts his own screwy thinking before the health and environmental safety needs of Americans who will likely face more Hurricanes Harvey and Irma because their president and government are doing 'zero' to help fight climate change with the rest of the world." Martin and other concerned citizenry (*who participated in the Women's March on Washington, the People's Climate March and the ongoing Impeach Trump protests) view Trump denying ongoing climate change as "typical for this 71-year-old former Democrat and Celebrity Apprentice host whose infamous business reputation was built on lies and screwing people over with his millions and crooked legal eagle team of paid-off attorneys," added Martin who researched "Trump the Deceitful Deal Marker" for a recent white paper on why "Trump must be impeached." Thanks to high-tech advances in climate change science, the good news is future Hurricane Harvey or Hurricane Irma will be predicted; while the bad news is "all is lost environmentally on planet Earth, so the best we can hope is to help flee regions of the world where flooding, massive heat waves and drought will occur because this is the End Times," explains retired high school biology teacher Karen Barnes-Cooper during a recent "Save the Planet" protest march in downtown Portland, Oregon, in the wake of recent Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma. Paradoxically, the increasingly vital dissemination of climate change data both here (*with this new journalism e-book special report and other alternative press and radio reporting) and "in our Pacific Northwest neighborhoods is creating an army of climate change-informed and deeply concerned citizens demanding the federal government due more to prevent climate change Hurricane Harvey or Irma because we can surely do more than being nuts like Donald Trump who denies global warming as a hoax. Well, Trump is dead wrong about climate change and that's why Trump needs to go for the sake of all beings on this planet," added Barnes-Cooper who is the mother of three daughters and 11 grandchildren. "Sure, I'm worried to my core about my children and children's children facing these so-called End Times. That's why I protested during the Women's March on Washington, the People's Climate March and our almost daily Impeach Trump marches and cries for relief from odious Trump out West.